Azores


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Azores

(əzôrz`, ā`zôrz), Port. Açores [Port.,=hawks], islands (1991 pop. 241,592), 905 sq mi (2,344 sq km), and autonomous region of Portugal, in the Atlantic Ocean, c.900 mi (1,448 km) W of mainland Portugal. The nine main islands are São Miguel (the largest) and Santa Maria in the southeast; Terceira, Pico, Faial, São Jorge, and Graciosa in the center; and Flores and Corvo in the northwest. Ponta Delgada is the largest city. The fertile soil yields many crops and supports vineyards. The islands are also a resort area, although there is volcanic activity. The United States maintains a NATO air base in the islands.

The Azores may have been known to the ancients and were included on a map in 1351. Portuguese sailors reached them in 1427 or 1431, but colonization did not begin until 1445 under Diogo de Sevilha or Gonçalo Velho Cabral (who may have been there in 1431). During the colonial period, the Azores were a stopover point for treasure fleets returning from the New World, and many ships were lost there due to hurricanes or pirates. The islands were used as a place of exile and were also the site of naval battles between the English and the Spanish. In the 19th cent. they were used by supporters of Maria II against Dom Miguel. In the 20th cent., there has been a large outmigration to the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
Establishing the conditions of supply of medicines to health units of the Azores.
MS Azores will operate four itineraries for Cruise and Maritime Voyages from Liverpool Cruise Terminal, in summer this year.
11 nights' full board accommodation on board MV Azores based on two people sharing a twin cabin ?
Nine nights' full board on MV Azores based on two people sharing a twin cabin ?
8 nights' accommodation on board Azores, based on two people sharing a twin cabin ?
Of course, it's not just whalewatching and swimming with dolphins that have helped turn the Azores into a must-see destination for travellers.
NEED TO KNOW R | OGER CROW visited the Azores as a guest of Sunvil, who offer seven nights in the Azores on Sao Miguel Island from PS638 per person.
But the weather suddenly closed in - a feature of the Azores climate - so we abandoned the idea and visited the Mulher de Capote distillery.
Azores, the new addition to CMV's fleet, is set to take her maiden CMV Caribbean voyage on January 26 from Bristol Avonmouth.
A combination of field and laboratory research soon showed that butterfly-orchids first colonized the Azores from the Mediterranean rather than from North America, rapidly undergoing miniaturization of their ancestrally large flowers.
However, the Department of Oceanography and Fisheries at the University of Azores is less convinced of its mythical nature.
NEW Zealand stole the limelight as Middle Earth in The Lord of the Rings but it could just as easily have been the Azores.