Azores

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Azores

(əzôrz`, ā`zôrz), Port. Açores [Port.,=hawks], islands (1991 pop. 241,592), 905 sq mi (2,344 sq km), and autonomous region of Portugal, in the Atlantic Ocean, c.900 mi (1,448 km) W of mainland Portugal. The nine main islands are São Miguel (the largest) and Santa Maria in the southeast; Terceira, Pico, Faial, São Jorge, and Graciosa in the center; and Flores and Corvo in the northwest. Ponta Delgada is the largest city. The fertile soil yields many crops and supports vineyards. The islands are also a resort area, although there is volcanic activity. The United States maintains a NATO air base in the islands.

The Azores may have been known to the ancients and were included on a map in 1351. Portuguese sailors reached them in 1427 or 1431, but colonization did not begin until 1445 under Diogo de Sevilha or Gonçalo Velho Cabral (who may have been there in 1431). During the colonial period, the Azores were a stopover point for treasure fleets returning from the New World, and many ships were lost there due to hurricanes or pirates. The islands were used as a place of exile and were also the site of naval battles between the English and the Spanish. In the 19th cent. they were used by supporters of Maria II against Dom Miguel. In the 20th cent., there has been a large outmigration to the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
It was a tactical race and we weren't sure if Azorian would jump off in front or drop in.
A BIG THREAT Azorian could run Noble Emperor close in tomorrow's 3.
Azorian is trained for Gigginstown House Stud by Eoin Griffin, who confirmed: "He's been frustrating and has had problems with his breathing.
Back over fences tomorrow, Azorian should have a great chance.
Azorian looks as though he could develop into quite a classy novice hurdler and he can see off several other promising types.
Was the champion trainer concerned when Azorian got upsides early in t he home straight?
At Navan, Briar Hill made the running and idled in front but came up the hill powerfully to beat Azorian comfortably, following-up an easy hurdle debut success at Wexford.
That's despite the presence of Eoin Griffin's Azorian, which has bumped into two very smart novices Apache Stronghold and Briar Hill in his last couple of starts, in Navan.
The bumper was won in fine style by the Eoin Griffin newcomer Azorian, who looks an exciting hurdling prospect for next season.
And the strapping Shantou gelding acquitted himself well when stepped-up into Grade 2 company and finishing third behind Apache Stronghold and Azorian in the Monksfield Novice Hurdle at Navan last time.
BRIAR Hill's odds-on victory over sole rival Azorian in the Grade 1 Navan Novice Hurdle proved the highlight of another treble for champion trainer Willie Mullins in Navan yesterday.
I was very impressed by APACHE STRONGHOLD when he won the Monksfield at Navan a few weeks ago, beating AZORIAN, which runs again tomorrow.