Total proteins in BAL fluid were measured as an indicator of alveolar-capillary permeability, and BAL leukocytes with differential counts were calculated as an indicator of inflammatory cell infiltrated in alveolar space.
Correspondingly, the time-dependent effects of ufCB on the production of TNF-[alpha] and VEGF in BAL fluid were determined.
Taken together, there was a significant elevation of TNF-[alpha], VEGF, and total proteins in BAL fluid at 4 hr postinstillation to ufCB.
We are most grateful to Sara Miller, for technical advice on the preparation of the BAL
specimen; Wai-fu Ng, for providing the BAL
specimen; Patrick Stockton and Laurie Mueller, for assistance with the processing of specimens; and Claudia Chesley, for editorial review.
We assessed serum and BAL fluid for HDM-specific immunoglobulins by ELISA.
We determined TNF-[Alpha], IL-1[Beta], IL-6, IFN-[Gamma], IL-2, IL-4, and IL-10 secretions in serum and in BAL fluid according to the manufacturer's procedure using commercial ELISA kits from BioSource (Camarillo, CA).
Levels of LDH, total protein, and EPO in BAL fluid were measured to evaluate pulmonary cell membrane integrity, edema, and eosinophil activition, respectively.
The Bals facility is IAC's first manufacturing facility to introduce FastKast (TM), IAC's proprietary A-surface material manufacturing process.
In addition to its state-of-the-art manufacturing capabilities, the Bals plant has been able to attract a very talented and skilled workforce, further enabling a flawless launch and setting a benchmark for future IAC plant start-ups.
From the beginning Semmens emphasizes the social role played by the balls, differentiating them not only from formal royal balls (bals pares), which were danced only by individual couples chosen from the highest nobility while the rest of the court looked on, but also from more informal bals masques, where courtly etiquette was relaxed somewhat because the rank of the dancers was obscured (at least in theory) by their masks.
As he himself observes, the main impetus for the institution of the bals was a reaction against the strict etiquette and omnipresent emphasis on rank distinction that royal court culture fostered.