Babel


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Babel

(bā`bəl) [Heb.,=confused], in the Bible, place where Noah's descendants (who spoke one language) tried to build a tower reaching up to heaven to make a name for themselves. For this presumption the speech of the builders was confused, thus ending the project. The story was perhaps originally an etiological tale explaining the diversity of languages and cultures, but, due to Israel's experience of the exile, now contains significant polemic against the presumption of Babylon, which is Babel in Hebrew.

Babel

where God confounded speech of mankind. [O.T.: Genesis 11:7–9]

Babel

1
Issak Emmanuilovich 1894--1941, Russian short-story writer, whose works include Stories from Odessa(1924) and Red Cavalry (1926)

Babel

2
Old Testament
a. a tower presumptuously intended to reach from earth to heaven, the building of which was frustrated when Jehovah confused the language of the builders (Genesis 11:1--10)
b. the city, probably Babylon, in which this tower was supposedly built

BABEL

(1)
A subset of ALGOL 60, with many ALGOL W extensions.

["BABEL, A New Programming Language", R.S. Scowen, Natl Phys Lab UK, Report CCU7, 1969].

BABEL

(2)
Mentioned in The Psychology of Computer Programming, G.M. Weinberg, Van Nostrand 1971, p.241.

BABEL

(3)
A language based on higher-order functions and first-order logic.

["Graph-Based Implementation of a Functional Logic Language", H. Kuchen et al, Proc ESOP 90, LNCS 432, Springer 1990, pp.271-290].

["Logic Programming with Functions and Predicates: The Language BABEL", Moreno-Navarro et al, J Logic Prog 12(3) (Feb 1992)].
References in classic literature ?
He also began to build the famous Tower of Babel, but circumstances over which he had no control put it out of his power to finish it.
In answer to her cry a babel of voices broke from the surrounding chambers and corridors.
The whole forest became suddenly a babel of hoarse screams and shrill shrieks.
From The High Tower its cool voice floated across the city of Manator and above the babel of human discords rising from the crowded mass that filled the seats of the stadium below.
As the three were making their way through the crowds of marketers, camels, donkeys, and horses that filled the market place with a confusing babel of sounds, Abdul plucked at Tarzan's sleeve.
The voices of its children are like the voices from the tower of Babel.
As he goes back every evening from the crowds of Throgmorton Street to the tree-lined peaceful avenues of Norwood, so he has found it possible in spirit also to do one's duties amidst the babel of the City, and yet to live beyond it.
But we Folk of the Younger World lacked speech, and whenever we were so drawn together we precipitated babel, out of which arose a unanimity of rhythm that contained within itself the essentials of art yet to come.
There was a perfect Babel of tongues, but out of the confusion Polly gathered scraps of fashionable intelligence which somewhat lessened her respect for the dwellers in high places.
account of the Deluge; as Babel he had a tower partly erected to his
Then came archers of the guard, shrill-voiced women of the camp, English pages with their fair skins and blue wondering eyes, dark-robed friars, lounging men-at-arms, swarthy loud-tongued Gascon serving-men, seamen from the river, rude peasants of the Medoc, and becloaked and befeathered squires of the court, all jostling and pushing in an ever-changing, many-colored stream, while English, French, Welsh, Basque, and the varied dialects of Gascony and Guienne filled the air with their babel.
The poor man must have thought the voice came from the shore: such a Babel of cries issued at once from the ship -- every one hallooing out, "Let go the anchor