Babenberg

Babenberg

(bä`bənbĕrk), ruling house of Austria (976–1246). It possibly descended from, or succeeded, a powerful Franconian family of the 9th cent. from whose castle the city of Bamberg probably took its name. Holy Roman Emperor Otto II created Count Leopold of Babenberg margrave of the Eastern March (i.e., Austria). Among Leopold's successors were Leopold IIILeopold III
or Saint Leopold,
c.1073–1136, margrave of Austria (1095–1136). By his marriage (1106) with Agnes, widow of Duke Frederick I of Swabia (see Hohenstaufen), he became the stepfather of German King Conrad III and the father of Otto of Freising and
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; Leopold IV and Henry II, also dukes of Bavaria (1139–56); and Henry II, called Jasomirgott ("if God will") for his favorite phrase. Henry II became (1156) the first duke of Austria. In 1192 the Babenbergs inherited Styria. Duke Leopold V took part in the Third Crusade and later made Richard IRichard I,
 Richard Cœur de Lion
, or Richard Lion-Heart,
1157–99, king of England (1189–99); third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
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 of England a prisoner. Leopold VI, called the Glorious, brought the house to its greatest power. His son, Frederick II, called the Quarrelsome, died childless in 1246, and Austria passed (1251) to Ottocar IIOttocar II
or Přemysl Ottocar II,
c.1230–1278, king of Bohemia (1253–78), son and successor of Wenceslaus I. Ottocar shrewdly exploited the disorders of the great interregnum in the Holy Roman Empire to build an empire reaching from Bohemia to the
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 of Bohemia, who married Frederick's sister. Under Babenberg rule Austria was extended through eastward colonization, and relative peace was maintained through intermarriage with the ruling families of Bohemia and Poland. As a result the Babenbergs were in part responsible for the multinational character of the later Hapsburg empire.
References in periodicals archive ?
The late Austro-Hungarian Empire--known after 1867 as the Dual Monarchy--traces its origins back to 967 AD when the Carolingian emperor, Otto the Great, bestowed a feudal grant upon one of his followers, Leopold of Babenberg.
Austrian history as such dates back to 976, when Leopold von Babenberg became the ruler of much of present-day Austria.
It is difficult to cavil over an introductory chapter which succinctly presents in twenty pages his discovery of seventy-six drawings of Ovid's Metamorphoses in the Berlin Kupferstichkabinett, the profiles of the nineteenth-century scholar from whose collection it came, Carl Ferdinand Friedrich von Nagler (1770-1846); the career of the original patron to whom there is a dedication and date of 1556, Wolfgang Muntzer von Babenberg (1524-77); and the artist of the Ovid series, Jean Jacques Boissard (1528-1602), whose life for a short time dovetails with that of his patron.
Restless Corpses: 'Secondary Burial' in the Babenberg and Habsburg Dynasties.
The chronicle begins in the mid twelfth century, focussing in its first part on the power struggle between Ottokar II of Bohemia and Bela IV of Hungary for the overlordship of Austria after the deaths of duke Frederick (1246), last of the Austrian Babenberg dynasty, and the Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick II (1250)--thus approximately at the time and place Biterolf und Dietleib was written, according to the standard view.
In coffin VIII rest the remains of Babenberg duke Frederick I, who died on 16 April 1198 during a Crusade and had been treated in more teutonico (Lechner 1976: 193).
Babenberg Leopold VI, who was returning from a crusade, died on 28 July 1230 in San Germano (today Cassino), Italy.
Babenberg Leopold III, who had died in 1136 and was buried at the monastery of Klosterneuburg, was canonized in 1485 and first exhumed in 1506.
Burial records from Babenbergs and Habsburgs and data from related European dynasties allow a detailed analysis of the circumstances that led to `secondary burial' formation from the Middle Ages to modern times.
The Babenbergs enter history in 976 when Leopold I was given a small margravate in the present day province of Lower Austria.
In 976, Leopold von Babenberg became the first in his family to rule the territory; the Babenberg line of succession lasted until the death of Frederick II in 1246.