Babesia

(redirected from Babesia bovis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.

Babesia

[bə′bezh·ə]
(invertebrate zoology)
The type genus of the Babesiidae, a protozoan family containing red blood cell parasites.

Babesia

 

(or Piroplasma), a genus of protozoa of the order Piroplasmidae, class Sarcodina. The name was given in 1893 in honor of the Rumanian scholar V. Babe§, who first discovered the parasites in 1888 in the blood of cattle.

Some authors divide the genus Babesia into four genera or subgenera (Piroplasma. Nuttallla, Babesiella, and Franca-iella). Babesias are blood parasites of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, and dogs. They cause a serious disease, babesiasis. In the erythrocytes of mammals babesias multiply asexually, with each one dividing into two or four organisms. Babesias are transmitted by ticks, in whom they reproduce asexually in the intestinal tract or in the intracellular spaces. In this situation forms of babesias can orginate in the ovule of the tick and remain there multiplying asexually. From such infected tick eggs come larvae with babesias in all their organs and salivary glands. When a tick sucks the blood of a vertebrate animal, babesias are transmitted to that organism and they then become lodged in the erythrocytes. In the USSR there are ten species; the main ones are B. bigemina (Piro-plasma bigeminum), B. bovis (Piroplasma bovis, Babesiella bovis), and B. ovis (Piroplasma ovis, Babesiella ovis).

REFERENCES

Dogel’, V. A., Iu. 1. Polianskii, and E. M. Kheisin. Obshchaia
protozoologiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.
Levine, N. D. Protozoan Parasites of Domestic Animals and of Man. Minneapolis, 1961.

O. I. CHIBISOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Rapid and sensitive detection of Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina by loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with a lateral flow dipstick.
Se utilizaron los siguientes cebadores: BoF 5'CAC GAG GAA GGA ACT ACC GAT GTT GA3' y BoR 5'CCA AGG AGC TTC AAC GTA GCA GGT CA3', los cuales produjeron un fragmento amplificado de 356 pb para Babesia bovis, de acuerdo con Suarez y colaboradores (9); BiIA 5' CAT CTA ATT TCT CTC CAT ACC CCT CC 3' y BiIB 5' CCT CGG CTT CAA CTC TGA TGC CAA AG 3', resultando un fragmento amplificado de 278 pb para B.
PCR-based detection of Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina in their natural host Boophylus microplus and cattle.
and Anaplasma marginale (among bacteria) and African trypanosomes, Plasmodium falciparum, and Babesia bovis (among parasites) are examples of pathogens using these mechanisms.
Os relatos de caso: Perfil eletroforetico e diferenciacao de fracoes de proteinas sericas em agarose de emus (Dromarius novaehollandiae); Infeccao neurologica por Babesia bovis em bovino neonato; Hemipenicectomia em jararaca-ilhoa (Bothrops insularis).
Principal molecular markers used to identify Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina
Theileria annulata, Babesia bigemina and Babesia bovis were detected by PCR in both Friesian and Sahiwal cattle.
A babesiose cerebral e causada pelo hematozoario Babesia bovis transmitido pelo carrapato Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus que se distribui entre as Latitudes 32[grados] N e 32[grados] S (BRUM, 2001).