Babur


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Babur

(bä`bər) [Turk.,=lion], 1483–1530, founder of the MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 empire of India. His full name was Zahir ud-Din Muhammad. A descendant of TimurTimur
or Tamerlane
, c.1336–1405, Mongol conqueror, b. Kesh, near Samarkand. He is also called Timur Leng [Timur the lame]. He was the son of a tribal leader, and he claimed (apparently for the first time in 1370) to be a descendant of Jenghiz Khan.
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 (Tamerlane) and of Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
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, he succeeded (1494) to the principality of Fergana in central Asia. His early life was spent in an ultimately unsuccessful struggle to retain his inheritance and to recover Samarkand (Timur's capital) from the Uzbeks. In 1504, however, he captured Kabul and established a kingdom in Afghanistan. After the failure of his final attempt (1512) on Samarkand, Babur began raids southward into India. In 1525, responding to an invitation from the governor of the Punjab to overthrow the sultan of Delhi, Babur launched an invasion. Although his force was small, he defeated the sultan at Panipat in 1526 and captured Agra and Delhi. He ultimately conquered nearly all of N India. Babur was also a distinguished poet. His autobiography, The Baburnama (tr. by A. S. Beveridge, 1922, and by W. M. Thackston, 1996), is his most important work. His son Humayun succeeded him. Babur's name is also transliterated Baber and Babar.

Bibliography

See biographies by F. Grenard (tr. 1930, repr. 1971) and M. Hasan (1986); study by R. D. Palsokar (1971).

Baber

, Babar, Babur
original name Zahir ud-Din Mohammed 1483--1530, founder of the Mogul Empire: conquered India in 1526
References in periodicals archive ?
In the book, Babur constantly complains of India's scorching heat and while sucking on a mango, he misses the grapes and melons of his homeland.
Turk Ambassador S Babur Girgin said: "Turkey attaches high importance to its relations with Pakistan and cooperation between the two countries will increase in future.
The Babur Park was opened in 1932 on the territory of former stables of the Governor-General Kaufman.
With decades of experience in engineering construction, the principals of the firm Babur Mian and Jay Josselyn are focused on providing reliable and innovative solutions to their clients in Virginia, District of Columbia, Maryland and other mid-atlantic states.
Pakistan's strategic cruise missile arsenal will consist entirely of Babur and Ra'ad missiles in the near future.
The missile was launched from a state of the art Multi Tube Missile Launch Vehicle (MLV), which significantly enhances the targeting and deployment options of Babur Weapon system.
The indigenously developed Babur is a low-flying, terrain-hugging missile, which can strike targets both at land and sea with pin-point accuracy, said a statement issued by the Inter-Services Public Relations.
Instead, residents of the capital Tashkent have been told to read the poems of the Mughal Emperor Babur who died in the 16th century.
TCF Deputy Chairperson Esma Han said that they would like to thank Ambassador Babur Hizlan and his wife Emel Hizlan for hosting the concert aiming to contributing to education of students.
Babur records in his Babur-Nama that Ghazni is also known as Zabulistan.
The Babur missile has a range of 700 km, and also incorporates modern cruise missile technology called Terrain Contour Matching as well as Digital Scene Matching and Area Co-relation.
The four-hour firefight was touched off by a rebel attack on a joint patrol of Afghan-ISAF forces in the Babur area late on Monday, the district chief, Rahim Amin, told Pajhwok Afghan News.