Bach


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Bach

(bäkh), German family of distinguished musicians who flourished from the 16th through the 18th cent., its most renowned member being Johann Sebastian Bach (see Bach, Johann SebastianBach, Johann Sebastian
, 1685–1750, German composer and organist, b. Eisenach; one of the greatest and most influential composers of the Western world. He brought polyphonic baroque music to its culmination, creating masterful and vigorous works in almost every musical
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). Johannes or Hans Bach, c.1550–1626, was a Thuringian carpetweaver and a musical performer at festivals. His sons and descendants were noted organists and composers. One of his grandsons was Johann Ambrosius Bach, 1645–95, violinist, town musician at Eisenach, and father of Johann Sebastian Bach. Johann Sebastian's eldest brother, Johann Christoph Bach, 1671–1721, was organist at Ohrdruf. When his parents died he took Johann Sebastian, his youngest brother, into his home and taught him. Of the 20 children of Johann Sebastian, several were well known as musicians. The eldest son, Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, 1710–84, was made organist at the Sophienkirche in Dresden in 1733 and later (1746–64) organist and musical director at the Liebfrauenkirche in Halle. He was a brilliant organist and well-known composer, but he did not live up to his father's hopes and, after a dissolute life, he died in misery. A younger son was Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (see Bach, Carl Philipp EmanuelBach, Carl Philipp Emanuel
, 1714–88, German composer; second son of J. S. Bach, his only teacher. While harpsichordist at the court of Frederick the Great, where his chief duty for 28 years (1738–67) was to accompany the monarch's performances on the flute, he wrote
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), and the youngest son was Johann Christian Bach (see Bach, Johann ChristianBach, Johann Christian
, 1735–82, German musician and composer; son of J. S. Bach. He went to Italy in 1754, became a Roman Catholic, and composed church music and operas. In 1760 he became organist of the Milan Cathedral.
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).

Bibliography

See P. Young, The Bachs (2 vol., 1978–79); C. Wolff et al., The New Grove Bach Family (1983).

Bach

1. Johann Christian , 11th son of J. S. Bach. 1735--82, German composer, called the English Bach, resident in London from 1762
2. Johann Christoph . 1642--1703, German composer: wrote oratorios, cantatas, and motets, some of which were falsely attributed to J S Bach, of whom he was a distant relative
3. Johann Sebastian . 1685--1750, German composer: church organist at Arnstadt (1703--07) and Mühlhausen (1707--08); court organist at Weimar (1708--17); musical director for Prince Leopold of Köthen (1717--28); musical director for the city of Leipzig (1728--50). His output was enormous and displays great vigour and invention within the northern European polyphonic tradition. His works include nearly 200 cantatas and oratorios, settings of the Passion according to St John (1723) and St Matthew (1729), the six Brandenburg Concertos (1720--21), the 48 preludes and fugues of the Well-tempered Clavier (completed 1744), and the Mass in B Minor (1733--38)
4. Karl (or Carl) Philipp Emanuel , 3rd son of J S Bach. 1714--88, German composer, chiefly of symphonies, keyboard sonatas, and church music
5. Wilhelm Friedemann , eldest son of J S Bach. 1710--84, German composer: wrote nine symphonies and much keyboard and religious music
References in periodicals archive ?
It may be that the set was complete at least up to BWV 1019, Largo, by the time Bach moved to Leipzig in 1723, where he initially had little time for nonchurch music.
magazine named Bach to Rock one of the fastest-growing private companies in America for the third consecutive year and Franchise Times' ranked it as one of the 500 Powerhouse Brands and on its Next 300 Franchise System list.
The music of Bach will be celebrated at Birmingham Town Hall and Symphony Hall this Easter
Concerts with period instruments by Baroque cellist Jonathan Manson, playing a recital of Bach and Domenico Gabrielli; and by His Majestys Sagbutts and Cornetts, performing 16th- and 17th-century music.
Bach (including a 1777 performance of Die Israeliten in der Wuste which was directed by Gluck) which shows that his works were known, albeit in a limited fashion, and admired in Vienna.
And it is Jeffrey Skidmore's Ex Cathedra which begins our Bach weekend tonight at Birmingham Town Hall, when the choir's Consort and continuo give four of Bach's spectacularly demanding motets, interspersed with two cello suites, Andrew Skidmore the soloist.
Jazz musician Huw Warren will provide a new perspective on the work of Bach, taking the rich harmonies, poetic structures and rhetorical underpinnings of the composer's music and giving it some 21st century experimental Emma Kirkby recording expertise treatment during a concert on March 19.
3 -- color) One of three first-place winners in the Bach competition, flutist Jeanny Kang, 15, will perform with her fellow honorees in a special recital on Feb.
Bach plans to move into the 15-story Tribeca commercial building in the fall.
Bach and Pepper are adamant about using children in their films--as young as possible for the Sesame Street project, although the ballet dancers (from Marin Dance Theatre and San Francisco Ballet School), had to be old enough to go on pointe.
Older vintages are generally expected to have higher delinquency rates than newer ones,' said Bach.
24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Bach to Rock(B2R), America's music school for students of all ages, announced today that its newest Virginia location will open in Bristow on Monday, Sept.