Bach


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Bach

(bäkh), German family of distinguished musicians who flourished from the 16th through the 18th cent., its most renowned member being Johann Sebastian Bach (see Bach, Johann SebastianBach, Johann Sebastian
, 1685–1750, German composer and organist, b. Eisenach; one of the greatest and most influential composers of the Western world. He brought polyphonic baroque music to its culmination, creating masterful and vigorous works in almost every musical
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). Johannes or Hans Bach, c.1550–1626, was a Thuringian carpetweaver and a musical performer at festivals. His sons and descendants were noted organists and composers. One of his grandsons was Johann Ambrosius Bach, 1645–95, violinist, town musician at Eisenach, and father of Johann Sebastian Bach. Johann Sebastian's eldest brother, Johann Christoph Bach, 1671–1721, was organist at Ohrdruf. When his parents died he took Johann Sebastian, his youngest brother, into his home and taught him. Of the 20 children of Johann Sebastian, several were well known as musicians. The eldest son, Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, 1710–84, was made organist at the Sophienkirche in Dresden in 1733 and later (1746–64) organist and musical director at the Liebfrauenkirche in Halle. He was a brilliant organist and well-known composer, but he did not live up to his father's hopes and, after a dissolute life, he died in misery. A younger son was Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (see Bach, Carl Philipp EmanuelBach, Carl Philipp Emanuel
, 1714–88, German composer; second son of J. S. Bach, his only teacher. While harpsichordist at the court of Frederick the Great, where his chief duty for 28 years (1738–67) was to accompany the monarch's performances on the flute, he wrote
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), and the youngest son was Johann Christian Bach (see Bach, Johann ChristianBach, Johann Christian
, 1735–82, German musician and composer; son of J. S. Bach. He went to Italy in 1754, became a Roman Catholic, and composed church music and operas. In 1760 he became organist of the Milan Cathedral.
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).

Bibliography

See P. Young, The Bachs (2 vol., 1978–79); C. Wolff et al., The New Grove Bach Family (1983).

Bach

1. Johann Christian , 11th son of J. S. Bach. 1735--82, German composer, called the English Bach, resident in London from 1762
2. Johann Christoph . 1642--1703, German composer: wrote oratorios, cantatas, and motets, some of which were falsely attributed to J S Bach, of whom he was a distant relative
3. Johann Sebastian . 1685--1750, German composer: church organist at Arnstadt (1703--07) and Mühlhausen (1707--08); court organist at Weimar (1708--17); musical director for Prince Leopold of Köthen (1717--28); musical director for the city of Leipzig (1728--50). His output was enormous and displays great vigour and invention within the northern European polyphonic tradition. His works include nearly 200 cantatas and oratorios, settings of the Passion according to St John (1723) and St Matthew (1729), the six Brandenburg Concertos (1720--21), the 48 preludes and fugues of the Well-tempered Clavier (completed 1744), and the Mass in B Minor (1733--38)
4. Karl (or Carl) Philipp Emanuel , 3rd son of J S Bach. 1714--88, German composer, chiefly of symphonies, keyboard sonatas, and church music
5. Wilhelm Friedemann , eldest son of J S Bach. 1710--84, German composer: wrote nine symphonies and much keyboard and religious music
References in periodicals archive ?
El propio Juan Sebastian Bach reconstituyo el arbol genealogico de esta extraordinaria familia de musicos, que comprende cinco generaciones en el transcurso de dos siglos (XVII y XVIII), y de la cual emergieron cerca de 50 notables compositores y ejecutantes musicales, entre los cuales Juan Sebastian Bach es indudablemente el mas eminente.
It's very important for us to bring Bach's core sound to the festival, so we found orchestras that play the original instruments," Marciano explained, "and have brought a few groups, such as the Accademia Bizantina, which is one of the top orchestras in the world for antique music, and the Lithuanian Chamber Orchestra, who did the most beautiful Bach recordings in history.
Also of interest in Bach 6f God Are Marissen's varied writing styles.
As far as Bach is concerned personally the matter is now closed.
Complete autographs, or original manuscripts, by Bach are rare.
The weekend is completed with Bach at the King of Instruments on Sunday afternoon at Symphony Hall, when David Goode puts the venue's magnificent Klais organ through its paces in a wonderful programme which embraces not only Bach himself, but also his arrangements of Vivaldi, arrangements by Dupre and Reger and Bach, and finally Liszt's Prelude and Fugue on BACH, the fruitful cipher of musical notes afforded by German nomenclature.
The most revelatory recent writers on Bach highlight the effect of the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) on the mind and soul of Europe for the century thereafter--that is, throughout Bach's lifetime.
It accused Bach of wearing a wet glove to fool the electronic scoring system, plus other claims about his business activities.
Bach's father, Johann Ambrosius Bach, was director of the Stadtpfeifers in Eisenach, where Bach spent the first ten years of his life.
Berg's study examines two important ways in which Bach employs variation in his keyboard works, initially, in his earlier works, using variation as a means of stimulating his invention (this is frequently evident in the way in which a head-motive is used to generate themes for other movements) and in his later career, exploring variable parameters to infuse energy, vigour and seriousness into his works.
The single most extraordinary radio show in New York City, perhaps anywhere in the world, is the Johan Sebastian Bach marathon that begins on WKCR typically a few days before Christmas and continues for several days afterwards.
Lovers of choral music will have to make a choice Saturday - and there's no looking Bach.