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(bäkh), German family of distinguished musicians who flourished from the 16th through the 18th cent., its most renowned member being

Johann Sebastian Bach (see Bach, Johann SebastianBach, Johann Sebastian
, 1685–1750, German composer and organist, b. Eisenach; one of the greatest and most influential composers of the Western world. He brought polyphonic baroque music to its culmination, creating masterful and vigorous works in almost every musical
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Johannes or Hans Bach, c.1550–1626, was a Thuringian carpetweaver and a musical performer at festivals. His sons and descendants were noted organists and composers. One of his grandsons was

Johann Ambrosius Bach, 1645–95, violinist, town musician at Eisenach, and father of Johann Sebastian Bach. Johann Sebastian's eldest brother,

Johann Christoph Bach, 1671–1721, was organist at Ohrdruf. When his parents died he took Johann Sebastian, his youngest brother, into his home and taught him. Of the 20 children of Johann Sebastian, several were well known as musicians. The eldest son,

Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, 1710–84, was made organist at the Sophienkirche in Dresden in 1733 and later (1746–64) organist and musical director at the Liebfrauenkirche in Halle. He was a brilliant organist and well-known composer, but he did not live up to his father's hopes and, after a dissolute life, he died in misery. A younger son was

Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (see Bach, Carl Philipp EmanuelBach, Carl Philipp Emanuel
, 1714–88, German composer; second son of J. S. Bach, his only teacher. While harpsichordist at the court of Frederick the Great, where his chief duty for 28 years (1738–67) was to accompany the monarch's performances on the flute, he wrote
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), and the youngest son was

Johann Christian Bach (see Bach, Johann ChristianBach, Johann Christian
, 1735–82, German musician and composer; son of J. S. Bach. He went to Italy in 1754, became a Roman Catholic, and composed church music and operas. In 1760 he became organist of the Milan Cathedral.
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See P. Young, The Bachs (2 vol., 1978–79); C. Wolff et al., The New Grove Bach Family (1983).


1. Johann Christian , 11th son of J. S. Bach. 1735--82, German composer, called the English Bach, resident in London from 1762
2. Johann Christoph . 1642--1703, German composer: wrote oratorios, cantatas, and motets, some of which were falsely attributed to J S Bach, of whom he was a distant relative
3. Johann Sebastian . 1685--1750, German composer: church organist at Arnstadt (1703--07) and Mühlhausen (1707--08); court organist at Weimar (1708--17); musical director for Prince Leopold of Köthen (1717--28); musical director for the city of Leipzig (1728--50). His output was enormous and displays great vigour and invention within the northern European polyphonic tradition. His works include nearly 200 cantatas and oratorios, settings of the Passion according to St John (1723) and St Matthew (1729), the six Brandenburg Concertos (1720--21), the 48 preludes and fugues of the Well-tempered Clavier (completed 1744), and the Mass in B Minor (1733--38)
4. Karl (or Carl) Philipp Emanuel , 3rd son of J S Bach. 1714--88, German composer, chiefly of symphonies, keyboard sonatas, and church music
5. Wilhelm Friedemann , eldest son of J S Bach. 1710--84, German composer: wrote nine symphonies and much keyboard and religious music
References in periodicals archive ?
When they were out and about, Bache would always pay for a meal with his credit or debit card and Beggs would repay his share.
Fiona Patterson, mitigating, said Bache, from Pwllheli, Gwynedd, was promoted to deputy matron as soon as she passed the relevant qualifications in March 2003.
Hawkshaw told him that Emile Ford was looking for a keyboard player and soon Mr Bache was enjoying the big time.
If the monitors remain in place for several years and if the data they collect are untainted and of high quality, Bache adds, the information could prove useful to seismologists.
Patrice Blanc, President of Jefferies' Futures Brokerage and Chief Executive Officer of Jefferies Bache, commented, "This is a significant milestone in the continued development of the Jefferies Bache business in Asia and will allow us to provide clients locally in Singapore and more broadly in Asia with high quality futures and options sales and trading capabilities, coupled with world-class execution and distribution globally.
As a result, all staff from Woodall W Davies & Bache have moved into Nicklin's offices in Church Court, Stourbridge Road, while partner Keith Davies will remain as a consultant.
In this case, we felt that Woodall Davies & Bache were an excellent fit.
RANGERS: Lauren Williams, Jack Newton, David Gofton, Spencer Bache, Jack Hall, Alex Huges, Callum Kneeshaw, Lewis Hickman.
The primary companies acquired include Prudential Bache Commodities Llc and Prudential Bache Securities Llc in the US, Bache Commodities Limited in the UK and Bache Commodities (Hong Kong) Limited in Hong Kong.
WHAT a lovely line Merseyrail is - from Liverpool Lime Street to Chester via Rock Ferry, Bromborough Rake, Hooton, Capenhurst, Bache, then Chester.
Payne, of the Queen's Lancashire Regiment, was described by his lawyer William Bache as a "sacrificial lamb".
The Branford Group and Bache Trehearne will conduct the auction on February 15, 2006 from the plant location in Scotland.