Gaston Bachelard

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Bachelard, Gaston

 

Born June 27, 1884, in Bar-sur-Aube; died Oct. 16, 1962. French philosopher who laid the foundation of so-called neorationalism. Member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences (1955).

From 1919 to 1930, Bachelard was professor of physics and chemistry at the College of Bar-sur-Aube. Beginning in 1940 he was head of the department of history and philosophy of science at the Sorbonne and later at the Institute of the History of Science. The basic principle of Bachelard’s philosophy was the concept of “new scientific reason,” which according to Bachelard’s thought, was the expression of the contemporary stage of knowledge. In the spirit of neo-Kantianism, Bachelard argued that an object of scientific knowledge (for example, of contemporary physics) is not a reality but a model that is the result of prior logical and experimental activity. Here the direct facts of nature play the role of “pretexts” for scientific thought, not the role of objects of knowledge (see Le Nouvel Esprit scientifique, Paris, 1934, p. 6). Contact with the real elements of the world is possible by means of creative imagination, which acts through images.

WORKS

Le Rationalisme appliqué. Paris, 1949.
Le Matérialisme rationnel. Paris, 1953.

REFERENCES

Hommage à Gaston Bachelard. Paris, 1957.
Guillet, P. Bachelard: Présentation, choix de textes, bibliographic Paris, 1964.
Dagognet, F. Gaston Bachelard. Paris, 1965.

T. A. SAKHAROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Dans cet esprit, Bachelard disait : [beaucoup moins que]il faut interroger l'evidence[beaucoup plus grand que].
Proceeding with the installation of an access control with potential joinery change on Bachelard and Mousseron residences,
fugitive states, Noorjehan's 'fields' are perhaps best illuminated by French philosopher Gaston Bachelard, who wrote: Each one of us should make a surveyor's map of his lost fields and means.
Storm makes sense of shelter' is a quotation from a very influential architectural book, The Poetics of Space, by the French philosopher Gaston Bachelard.
To achieve this end, the interpretation invites the ideas of several theorists of metaphor and imagery, including Bachelard, Derrida, Heidegger, Ricoeur, Nietzsche, and Deleuze, in approaching Darwish.
In accordance with Bachelard, the dialectics of the inside and the outside is determined by the existence of this binary opposition in one's conscience.
Antes, entretanto, torna-se necessaria a mencao a Gaston Bachelard, que dedicou grande parte da sua obra a estudar o devaneio e os sonhos na literatura, distinguindo-os da seguinte maneira: "Um devaneio, diferentemente do sonho, nao se conta.
Gaston Bachelard states that 'when we dream of the house we were born in, in the utmost depths of reverie, we participate in this original warmth, in this well-tempered matter of the material paradise'.
Michael Bachelard of the Sydney Morning Herald thinks they should have known about the protocol when entering the Indonesian airspace.
Sarah Bachelard attempts to address such critical times in our lives.
Because I like Michel Foucault, I like Gaston Bachelard, and I'm interested in the philosophy of science.
He quotes an emphatic Gaston Bachelard in his The Poetics of Space on these sites--"Reverie is not a mental vacuum; it is rather the gift of an hour which knows the plenitude of the soul.