Gaston Bachelard

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Bachelard, Gaston

 

Born June 27, 1884, in Bar-sur-Aube; died Oct. 16, 1962. French philosopher who laid the foundation of so-called neorationalism. Member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences (1955).

From 1919 to 1930, Bachelard was professor of physics and chemistry at the College of Bar-sur-Aube. Beginning in 1940 he was head of the department of history and philosophy of science at the Sorbonne and later at the Institute of the History of Science. The basic principle of Bachelard’s philosophy was the concept of “new scientific reason,” which according to Bachelard’s thought, was the expression of the contemporary stage of knowledge. In the spirit of neo-Kantianism, Bachelard argued that an object of scientific knowledge (for example, of contemporary physics) is not a reality but a model that is the result of prior logical and experimental activity. Here the direct facts of nature play the role of “pretexts” for scientific thought, not the role of objects of knowledge (see Le Nouvel Esprit scientifique, Paris, 1934, p. 6). Contact with the real elements of the world is possible by means of creative imagination, which acts through images.

WORKS

Le Rationalisme appliqué. Paris, 1949.
Le Matérialisme rationnel. Paris, 1953.

REFERENCES

Hommage à Gaston Bachelard. Paris, 1957.
Guillet, P. Bachelard: Présentation, choix de textes, bibliographic Paris, 1964.
Dagognet, F. Gaston Bachelard. Paris, 1965.

T. A. SAKHAROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: project management for the rehabilitation of the k and n buildings of the bachelard residence
O gesto do artista traz a tona a reflexao sobre o poder das miniaturas abordada extensamente por Gaston Bachelard, alem de dialogar tambem com os escritos de Abraham Moles no que diz respeito a presenca do objeto cotidiano em nossas vidas.
By joining together epistemology and history, Bachelard (9'11) showed that history of science is not a linear timeline of events.
El epigrafe de Bachelard en el poemario: "Habitar la casa", filosofia del valor que buscara un exegeta del exegeta como lo fue Salazar Bondy ("Epistemologia de Gaston Bachelard", Revista Letras, 1958).
Para Bachelard (1996) o processo cientifico, ou, o processo de conhecer, sobrepoe-se ao conhecimento anterior, principalmente desconstruindo aqueles males estruturados.
Often unacknowledged, Gaston Bachelard exercised profound influence on Foucault, Deleuze, and the 'post-structuralists.
Director: Eva Orner With: Nicole Judge, Mark Isaacs, Martin Appleby, Michael Bachelard, David Manne, David Marr, Dr.
Admirador de Sartre, se nego a apoyar a los comunistas; discipulo de Gaston Bachelard, no convirtio (el riesgo metodologico de esa poetica) al espiritu cientifico en un recetario util para analizar todo texto segun el elemento natural presocratico que lo compone, desarrollando una teoria genetica del totalitarismo que habria provocado lo mismo el interes de un pretotalitario como Leon Daudet que de, por supuesto, Hannah Arendt.
Cet element considere par Bachelard comme [beaucoup moins que]l'œil veritable de la terre[beaucoup plus grand que] en avancant que dans nos yeux, c'est l'eau qui reve.
Centrado en la obra aforistica Cadernos de Joao (1957) del escritor brasileno Anibal Machado, el presente articulo reflexiona sobre la relacion entre el aforismo y una poetica del archipielago cuyos rasgos han sido trazados por Gaston Bachelard, los surrealistas franceses y, sobre todo, por Edouard Glissant.
Storm makes sense of shelter' is a quotation from a very influential architectural book, The Poetics of Space, by the French philosopher Gaston Bachelard.
In his study, Bachelard suggests that water, in particular the sea with its open horizons and awe-inspiring immensity confronting us with our own finitude, makes us exceptionally susceptible to metaphysical and eschatological reflection.