bacillus


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Related to bacillus: spirillum

bacillus

(bəsĭl`əs), any rod-shaped bacterium or, more particularly, a rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Bacillus. Some bacterium in the genus cause disease, for example B. anthracis is the cause of anthraxanthrax
, acute infectious disease of animals that can be secondarily transmitted to humans. It is caused by a bacterium (Bacillus anthracis) that primarily affects sheep, horses, hogs, cattle, and goats and is almost always fatal in animals.
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; others are useful in the production of antibioticsantibiotic,
any of a variety of substances, usually obtained from microorganisms, that inhibit the growth of or destroy certain other microorganisms. Types of Antibiotics
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 (e.g., gramicidingramicidin
, antibiotic obtained from the bacterial species Bacillus brevis, which is found in soil. Gramicidin is particularly effective against gram-positive bacteria (see Gram's stain).
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 and bacitracinbacitracin
, antibiotic produced by a strain of the bacterial species Bacillus subtilis. It is widely used for topical therapy such as for skin and eye infections; it is effective against gram-positive bacteria, including strains of staphylococcus that are resistant to
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). Many organisms earlier classified as Bacillus species are now placed in different genera but continue to be referred to as baccili.

bacillus

[bə′sil·əs]
(microbiology)
Any rod-shaped bacterium.

Bacillus

[bə′sil·əs]
(microbiology)
A genus of bacteria in the family Bacillaceae; rod-shaped cells are aerobes or facultative anaerobes and usually produce catalase.
References in periodicals archive ?
Biochemical analysis of the genus Bacillus gave negative results for indole, citrate, oxidase, and urease and positive results for methyl red Voges-Proskaeur, catalase, and gelatinase tests.
Keratinase production and keratin degradation by a mutant strain of Bacillus subtilis.
All DNA contained in the final expression system is derived from Bacillus subtilis
Identification and Characterization of Polyhydroxybutyrate producing Bacillus cereus and Bacillus mycoides strains.
The H NMR spectrum of polymer produced by strain Bacillus sp.
Veterinary Research Institute, Lahore has been producing Anthrax Live Spore Vaccine from a long time, and the strain being used for vaccine production, according to departmental records is Bacillus anthracis strain "Sterne'.
The bacillus species are regulators of the GI microbiota and can actually support the growth of your good bacteria while eliminating the bad.
In order to investigate the possibility of replacing avicel with complex lignocellulosic biomass for the production of avicelase, Bacillus sp.