bacillus

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bacillus

(bəsĭl`əs), any rod-shaped bacterium or, more particularly, a rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Bacillus. Some bacterium in the genus cause disease, for example B. anthracis is the cause of anthraxanthrax
, acute infectious disease of animals that can be secondarily transmitted to humans. It is caused by a bacterium (Bacillus anthracis) that primarily affects sheep, horses, hogs, cattle, and goats and is almost always fatal in animals.
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; others are useful in the production of antibioticsantibiotic,
any of a variety of substances, usually obtained from microorganisms, that inhibit the growth of or destroy certain other microorganisms. Types of Antibiotics
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 (e.g., gramicidingramicidin
, antibiotic obtained from the bacterial species Bacillus brevis, which is found in soil. Gramicidin is particularly effective against gram-positive bacteria (see Gram's stain).
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 and bacitracinbacitracin
, antibiotic produced by a strain of the bacterial species Bacillus subtilis. It is widely used for topical therapy such as for skin and eye infections; it is effective against gram-positive bacteria, including strains of staphylococcus that are resistant to
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). Many organisms earlier classified as Bacillus species are now placed in different genera but continue to be referred to as baccili.

bacillus

[bə′sil·əs]
(microbiology)
Any rod-shaped bacterium.

Bacillus

[bə′sil·əs]
(microbiology)
A genus of bacteria in the family Bacillaceae; rod-shaped cells are aerobes or facultative anaerobes and usually produce catalase.
References in periodicals archive ?
European Commission Health & Consumer Protection Directorate-General, "Opinion of the scientific committee on animal nutrition on the use of Bacillus licheniformis NCTC 1,3123 in feedstuffs for pigs," April 18, 2002.
Agricultural residues tested in this study as substrates for growing Bacillus licheniformis for enzyme production were distillers dried grain with soluble (DDGS), wheat bran (WB), palm kernel meal (PKM), and copra meal (CM).
The bacteria microflora associated with spoilt sweet pepper fruits in this study area are Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus licheniformis, Paenibacillus alvei, Enterobacter aerogenes, Proteus vulgaris, Staphylococcus auricularis, and Yersinia enterocolitica.
The remediation method used in this study exposed chipped CCA-treated southern yellow pine (SYP) to oxalic acid extraction followed by incubation of the extracted wood chips in a nutrient culture medium inoculated with the metal-tolerant bacterium Bacillus licheniformis CC01.
bacteria, such as Bacillus licheniformis and Bacillus subtilis have gained more attention for their role in controlling infectious diseases, thereby improving productive performance in animals (Holzapfel et al.
32] in their recent studies sowhed that Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, B.
33 times increase in protease production level using Bacillus licheniformis when the fermentation was carried out in ATPS containing PEG 6000 and dextran T 500 [5].
Bacillus licheniformis is a facultative and a Grampositive endospore-forming bacterium (Sneath et al.
2 and Bacillus licheniformis PTCC 1595 which were isolated by [36,28] respectively correlates the present study findings.
1999, "Optimization of alkalineprotease productivity by Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 21415", Bioresour.
Three isolates with best oil degradation ability were identified as Serratia marcescens PDKT-1(Accession No: HM 998315), Pseudomonas aeruginosa PDKT-2 and Bacillus licheniformis PDKT-5 using the biochemical tests and confirmed by16s r-RNA sequencing.
Among different primers, those designed from carboxypeptidase of Bacillus licheniformis (ATCC 14580) could be amplified.
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