bacillus

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bacillus

(bəsĭl`əs), any rod-shaped bacterium or, more particularly, a rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Bacillus. Some bacterium in the genus cause disease, for example B. anthracis is the cause of anthraxanthrax
, acute infectious disease of animals that can be secondarily transmitted to humans. It is caused by a bacterium (Bacillus anthracis) that primarily affects sheep, horses, hogs, cattle, and goats and is almost always fatal in animals.
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; others are useful in the production of antibioticsantibiotic,
any of a variety of substances, usually obtained from microorganisms, that inhibit the growth of or destroy certain other microorganisms. Types of Antibiotics
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 (e.g., gramicidingramicidin
, antibiotic obtained from the bacterial species Bacillus brevis, which is found in soil. Gramicidin is particularly effective against gram-positive bacteria (see Gram's stain).
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 and bacitracinbacitracin
, antibiotic produced by a strain of the bacterial species Bacillus subtilis. It is widely used for topical therapy such as for skin and eye infections; it is effective against gram-positive bacteria, including strains of staphylococcus that are resistant to
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). Many organisms earlier classified as Bacillus species are now placed in different genera but continue to be referred to as baccili.

bacillus

[bə′sil·əs]
(microbiology)
Any rod-shaped bacterium.

Bacillus

[bə′sil·əs]
(microbiology)
A genus of bacteria in the family Bacillaceae; rod-shaped cells are aerobes or facultative anaerobes and usually produce catalase.
References in periodicals archive ?
While studying the effect of various agitation rates and incubation time on protease production in halo tolerant Bacillus licheniformis TD4; 250 rpm and 24 hours were found optimum for production of enzymatic activity (Suganthi et al.
Effect of temperature, pH and metal ions on the activity and stability of alkaline protease from novel Bacillus licheniformis MZK03.
The bacterial strain used in this study, Bacillus licheniformis MTCC 1483 producing extracellular amylase was obtained from MTCC, Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTECH), Chandigarh, India.
Furthermore, the fermentation conditions were optimized for the maximum amylase production by Bacillus licheniformis KSU-6, and characterized the partially purified amylase.
Troy, Chemistry and Biosynthesis of the Poly (g-d-glutamyl) Capsule in Bacillus Licheniformis i.
El camaron blanco del Pacifico, Litopenaeus vannamei, es el principal producto acuicola en Colombia y se ve seriamente afectado por infecciones causadas por bacterias entre las que se encuentran Vibrio harveyi y Bacillus licheniformis, que provocan perdidas economicas significativas para el sector.
This leads to the conclusion that six isolates were Bacillus licheniformis and one was Bacillus subtilis, all from different locations (Table 1).
La secuencia parcial del gen RNAr 16S de la cepa J8A2 permitio ubicarla dentro del clado de la especie Bacillus licheniformis con 94% de probabilidad segun el arbol filogenetico (Fig.
Meanwhile a team of scientists and surgeons have developed a new nasal spray to clear chronic sinusitis using an enzyme isolated from a marine bacterium Bacillus licheniformis found on the surface of seaweed.

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