Through system simulations the joint impact of backhaul
and access technologies on user performance were captured.
gap" is the difference between required backhaul
investment and planned spending.
The influence of HetNets on backhaul
is also discussed and thanks to the increased scale of a small cell network with dozens or even hundreds of small cells deployed backhaul
becomes essential to avoid or minimize inter-cell interference and to avoid overburdening the macro network with signaling or data traffic.
IDC believes that in order to support high-speed wireless services, operators will need to build scalable all-IP backhaul
which combines Ethernet and fibre distribution in the urban centres, as well as microwave backhaul
and long-haul dense wavelength division multiplexing (LH DWDM).
Berkin Kartal, Lead Engineer for NG Backhaul
Project, T-Mobile Netherlands
Combined mobile backhaul
, packet core capabilities and professional services are expected to improve network visibility, traffic engineering and utilisation of backhaul
capacity, especially in LTE networks.
According to the Infonetics Research Mobile Backhaul
Equipment Worldwide Market Size and Forecast Report published in September 2007, mobile operators are investing in packet backhaul
to reduce the cost per bit, as well as scaling the backhaul
bottleneck, to support the rapid uptake of the mobile data services.
is like a passenger standby on air travel.
But as Schoolar notes, while the most common backhaul
connection used is fractional or full T-1s, such service remains expensive.
Emmy Johnson, Principal Analyst at Sky Light Research, said: Alcatel-Lucent is delivering additional flexibility to an already impressive portfolio of mobile backhaul
solutions by introducing a full outdoor aggregation unit with carrier class networking features that meets the backhaul
needs of both macro and small cell sites.
In 2017, microwave radios will be the backhaul
medium used most to connect small cells with more than two million radios being used.
We see no letup in the mobile backhaul
equipment market, as service providers around the world continue to upgrade their networks to handle the rapidly growing number of mobile broadband subscribers and their bandwidth-heavy habits.