backup

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backup

[′bak‚əp]
(building construction)
That part of a masonry wall behind the exterior facing.
(civil engineering)
Overflow in a drain or piping system, due to stoppage.
(computer science)
Logical or physical facilities to aid the process of restarting a computer system and recovering the information in it following a failure.
The provision of such facilities.
(engineering)
An item under development intended to perform the same general functions that another item also under development performs.
A compressible material used behind a sealant to reduce its depth and to support the sealant against sag or indentation.
(graphic arts)
An image printed on the reverse side of a printed sheet.
The printing of such an image.
(metallurgy)
A support used to balance the upsetting force in the workpieces during flash welding.
(petroleum engineering)
During drilling, the holding of one section of pipe while another is screwed out of it or into it.

backup

1. That part of a masonry wall behind the exterior facing.
2. A compressible material used behind a sealant to reduce its depth and to support the sealant against sag or indentation.
3. Overflow in a drain or piping system, due to stoppage.
4. A condition where waste water flows back into another fixture or compartment or water line (but does not flow back into the potable water system).

backup

(operating system)
("back up" when used as a verb) A spare copy of a file, file system, or other resource for use in the event of failure or loss of the original.

The term commonly refers to a copy of the files on a computer's disks, made periodically and kept on magnetic tape or other removable medium (also called a "dump").

This essential precaution is neglected by most new computer users until the first time they experience a disk crash or accidentally delete the only copy of the file they have been working on for the last six months. Ideally the backup copies should be kept at a different site or in a fire safe since, though your hardware may be insured against fire, the data on it is almost certainly neither insured nor easily replaced.

See also backup software, differential backup, incremental backup, full backup. Compare archive, source code management.

backup

(1) A duplicate copy of data or of an entire storage drive on a separate storage medium. "Backup" is the noun; "back up" is the verb. See backup software, backup types, backup storage, copy data, backup and restore, disaster recovery and LAN-free backup.

(2) Additional hardware resources ready to take over if the main system fails. See fault tolerant.
References in periodicals archive ?
Service Converts Data from Backup Tapes into a Fully Loaded and Indexed Enterprise Vault for Immediate Use
Tape drives, backup tapes and tape backup software can fail.
Offsite storage of duplicate backup tapes is helpful, but a comprehensive disaster plan should be designed and tested.
Development of this new technology came about as RenewData began receiving increasingly larger quantities of backup tapes from clients in recent years, and the company's engineers recognized the need for a more efficient way to process them.
The growth in backup tape inventories continues to impact corporations' storage and maintenance costs.
The new rules have given companies the impetus to document all of the backup tapes they have amassed over time and provide a paper trail for whether or not they preserve each one," said Bob Gomes, CEO for RenewData.
Our experience shows that it costs approximately $500 to restore a single backup tape.
While most of these cases involved malicious, online identity theft, some of the events were due to the accidental loss of computer backup tapes.
Next, the IT manager can restore the full backup tape baseline, followed by restores from all the incremental tape sets up to the desired point in time.
A cleaning tape is simply non-burnished tape--it's rougher than the data-grade backup tape and must be used regularly to keep the heads clean.