Bacteriology


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Bacteriology

The science and study of bacteria, and hence a specialized branch of microbiology. It deals with the nature and properties of the bacteria as living entities, their morphology and developmental history, ecology, physiology and biochemistry, genetics, and classification.

The major subjects that have consecutively occupied the forefront of bacteriological research have been the origin of bacteria, the constancy or variability of their properties, their role as causative agents of disease and of spoilage of foods, their significance in the cycle of matter, their classification, and their physiological, biochemical, and genetic features. See Bacteria, Microbiology

Bacteriology

 

the study of bacteria; a division of the broader scientific discipline microbiology. Bacteriology is divided into a number of independent branches. General bacteriology studies the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of bacteria, their mutability and genetics, evolution, distribution in nature, and so on. Medical and veterinary bacteriology studies the biology of pathogenic bacteria, methods of isolating and identifying them, and the phenomenon of immunity; it elaborates specific means for preventing and treating infectious diseases of man and animals. Agricultural bacteriology studies the role of bacteria in the formation of soil structures, in soil fertility, and in plant nutrition, and the processing of agricultural products (ensilage, fermentation, retting, and so on). Technical (industrial) bacteriology studies the processes of formation by bacteria of alcohols, organic acids, enzymes, amino acids, antibiotics, growth stimulants, and other substances.

bacteriology

[bak‚tir·ē′äl·ə·jē]
(microbiology)
The science and study of bacteria; a specialized branch of microbiology.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike virology, however, clinical bacteriology has undergone minimal change in methodology over the past 50 years.
Never in the history of bacteriology did so much happen so quickly as in the last quarter of the 19th century.
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Vice-president Pierre Dreux presented the award to Dr Ian Toth, the SCRI Head of Bacteriology in Dundee.
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The bacteriology of mild foot infections in diabetic patients is complex, and most patients have two to four organisms isolated.
Bacteriology was the subject of his first interest and it wasn't long before he got involved in the business of water and its cleanliness.
A German botanist, Ferdinand Julius Cohn (1828-1898), inspired by Pasteur's work, was the first to treat bacteriology as a special branch of knowledge.
The Atonement of Ashley Morden (1964) ranges from World War II bombing to postwar bacteriology.
Global Markets Direct's "Bacteriology Clinical Trials Analysis" is an essential source of data and information pertaining to product clinical trials being carried out by Bacteriology manufacturers, globally.
Contract award notice: Automation of bacteriology for university hospitals geneva (hug) lot n 2: Automation of bacteriology for the hospital of valais (hvs).
Handbook of Laboratory Animal Bacteriology, 2nd Edition