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a balneological mud-bath and climatic health resort in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), 30 km south of the city of Plauen on the Weisse Elster River. It is situated in the western spurs of the Erzgebirge at an altitude of 490 m. The climate is temperate, mild, and comparatively cool. The mean July temperature is 15.6° C, and the mean January temperature -0.2° C; the annual precipation is about 700 mm. The therapeutic agents include 16 carbonate springs of the sulfate-hydrocarbonate-sodium and sulfate-chloride-hydrocarbonate-sodium types (for baths and drinking); mud; and climatotherapy. Persons with secondary anemia, adiposity, gout, and diabetes; gastrointestinal, liver, kidney, urinary, and gynecological diseases; disorders of the locomotive organs and peripheral nervous system; diseases of the cardiovascular system, and respiratory diseases of nontuberculous origin are treated here. There are sanatoriums, rest homes, facilities for balneotherapy and pelotherapy (mud baths), and a drinking-water gallery. The Scientific Research Institute for Health Resort Science, Balneology, and Physical Therapy of the GDR Ministry of Health is located in Bad Elster. The spa is open year-round.
REFERENCEBorisov, A. D. Vazhneishie kurorty sotsialisticheskikh stran Evropy. Moscow, 1967.
IU. E. DANILOV