Badajoz


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Badajoz

(bäthähōth`), city (1990 pop. 126,781), capital of Badajoz prov., SW Spain, in Extremadura, on the Guadiana River. Situated in an agricultural region, food processing is the main industry. Strategically located near the border of Portugal, it has an active trade with that country. Badajoz was a fortress city in Roman times that rose to prominence under the Moors as the seat (1022–94) of a vast independent emirate. Alfonso IX of León liberated it in 1228. Thereafter Badajoz was repeatedly attacked by the Portuguese and was consequently strongly fortified. The city has often been besieged; in the Peninsular War the French failed to take it in a long siege (1808–9) and succeeded in 1811 only to be driven out by Wellington in 1812 after bitter fighting. In the civil war of 1936–39 the capture (1936) of Badajoz by the Insurgents after a bloody battle was followed by hundreds of executions. A 1952 irrigation project, Plan Badajoz, intensified the city's development, raised its standard of living, and provided increased electrical power. Notable landmarks are the massive cathedral (begun in the 13th cent.) and the remains of the Moorish citadel. Manuel de Godoy, the favorite of Charles IV, and the painter Luis de Morales were born in Badajoz.

Badajoz

a city in SW Spain: strategically positioned near the frontier with Portugal. Pop.: 138 415 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Batch supply of electricity in medium voltage, low voltage and the supply of natural gas to the city of Badajoz, according to the statement of economic-administrative and technical provisions.
They were known as the forlorn hopes - after a Dutch phrase, verloren hoop, meaning lost troop - and at Badajoz, certainly, there was no shortage of men prepared to sacrifice themselves in this way.
Sadly, when the envelope arrived in Badajoz, the cash was missing.
There in the rural, farming area of Alentejo the suggestion is to take maternity services to the nearest major city of Badajoz - and that is in Spain
In Badajoz, on the site of a seventeenth-century bullring within a pentagonal rampart, Jose Selgas and Lucia Cano designed a Congress Centre as a cylindrical volume surrounded by a stack of fibreglass rings.
Hunters were paying thousands of pounds to shoot big game bought on the black market at the farm in Badajoz, south-west Spain.
International Meeting on Applied Physics (1st: 2003: Badajoz, Spain) Ed.
The set includes the following battles: Marengo, Austerlitz, Jena, Vimeiro, Aspern and Wagram, Eggmuhl, Corunna, Busacco, Badajoz, Fuentes de Onoro, Vittoria, Leipzig, Lutzen and Bautzen, and Waterloo.
THE HAGUE, Netherlands and BADAJOZ, Spain, July 25 /PRNewswire/ -- The Dutch life insurance company AEGON and the Spanish savings bank Caja de Badajoz have reached an agreement to establish a 50-50 life insurance joint venture to sell life insurance, accident and pension products through the branch network of Caja de Badajoz.
Information: Antonio Mendez-Vilas, Formatex Research Center, C / Zurbaran, 1 2[degrees] Oficina 1, Badajoz 06001 Spain, +[34] 924258615, fax: +[34] 924258615, e-mail: applmicro@ formatex.
It also fought against the armies of Napoleonic France at the Battle of Badajoz in Spain in 1812 and against the Russians at the Alma in the Crimea in 1854.
The extract from The Sharpe Companion on the role of the Forlorn Hope, which appeared in the December 2003 issue of Sabretache, recalls Australian connections with the Forlorn Hope at one of the most famous, and bloodiest, actions of the Peninsular War--the assault on the breach of the fortress city of Badajoz on the night of 6 April 1812.