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(ŏd`ĭsē): see HomerHomer,
principal figure of ancient Greek literature; the first European poet. Works, Life, and Legends

Two epic poems are attributed to Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey.
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a poem about the travels of Odysseus), an ancient Greek epic poem which, together with the Iliad, has been attributed to Homer.

The poem was completed somewhat later than the Iliad, which it complements but of which it is not a direct continuation. Like the Iliad, the Odyssey was written in hexameter. Later, it was divided by classical bookmakers into 24 books. In contrast to the Iliad, with its heroic themes, the Odyssey contains material drawn primarily from everyday life and fables. The hero is a composite of intellectual and moral qualities. In world folklore a widely encountered hero is the husband who returns to his homeland unrecognized after long years of wandering and arrives on the day of his wife’s remarriage. In the Odyssey, this popular heroic theme is embodied in Odysseus, a participant in the Trojan campaign. Interwoven with this theme is part of another: a son’s search for his father. The sociopolitical and ideological processes of the establishment of a slaveholding society and state in Greece were reflected even in early versions of the Odyssey.

In antiquity, the Odyssey was less highly valued than the Iliad, although both were used as basic educational texts. Both the Odyssey and the Iliad provided Goethe, F. Schiller, and W. Humboldt with material for their theories of the epic. The first Russian prose translations of the Odyssey were completed at the end of the 18th century. V. A. Zhukovskii finished the first Russian verse translation of the work in 1849. The standard modern translation in verse was done by V. V. Veresaev (published posthumously, 1953).


Homeri carmina, part 2: Homeri Odyssea, vols. 1–2. Translated by A. Ludwich. Leipzig, 1889–91.
The Odyssey of Homer, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Edited by W. B. Stanford. London-New York, 1959. (With commentary.)
In Russian translation:
Gomer, Odisseia. Moscow, 1953.


Egunov, A. N. Gomer v russkikh perevodakh XVIII-XIX vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Merkelbach, R. Untersuchungen zur Odyssee. Munich, 1951.
Page, D. L. The Homeric Odyssey. Oxford, 1955.
Stanford, W. B. The Ulysses Theme. 2nd ed. Oxford, 1963.
Finley, M. I. The World of Odysseus. New York, 1965.


Homer’s long, narrative poem centered on Odysseus. [Gk. Lit.: Odyssey]
See: Epic


concerning Odysseus’s difficulties in getting home after war. [Gk. Myth.: Odyssey]
References in periodicals archive ?
Things are done differently to get to that stage but on the whole it's about trying to get that bag of wind out of the net.
If the idea of 22 grown men kicking a bag of wind around a pitch leaves you cold, then Post Style can offer a helping hand.
Forget the Swansea thing, it was nice to see the greatest footballer to have ever kicked a bag of wind on a Welsh field being made a fuss of.
Secondly, I take issue with his offensive remark about 22 men kicking a bag of wind about.
We've no interest in overpaid blokes kicking a bag of wind
I never recall the Two Ronnies and the Generation Game being cancelled for 80 minutes of men chasing a squashed bag of wind around.
WATCHING football today tends to make me sick over the money players get for kicking a bag of wind around a field for 90 minutes.
His favourite phrase was: "It's just 22 lads kicking a bag of wind - anything can happen.
Today, I would call her a monstrous bag of wind, if I did not fear the wrath of the National Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Hot Air Balloons.
I have been a football fan for 40 years but it is only a game where 22 men chase a bag of wind up and down a field.
But seriously, working in a nick can't be a walk in a park, so why should standing on a touch-line in an Armani trench-coat watching 22 blokes kick a bag of wind around be stressful?
IN reply to J W of Washington criticising Strictly Come Dancing, I'm sick and tired of the boring bingo, beer and the dinosaur football teams in the North East where you've got 11 people kicking a bag of wind around.