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musical instrument whose ancient origin was probably in Mesopotamia from which it was carried east and west by Celtic migrations. It was used in ancient Greece and Rome and has been long known in India. Some form of bagpipe was later used in nearly every European country; it was particularly fashionable in 18th-century France, where it was called the musette. Its widest use and greatest development was in the British Isles, particularly Northumberland, Ireland, and Scotland. The island of Skye was the home of a school for pipers. The Highland pipe of Scotland, the most well-known type, was a martial instrument and from it comes the modern great pipe; but at least six other types were once used in the British Isles. The basic construction of a bagpipe consists of a bag, usually leather, which is inflated either by mouth through a tube or by a bellows worked by the arm; one or two chanters (or chaunters), melody pipes having finger holes and fitted usually with double reeds; and one or more drones, which produce one sustained tone each and usually have single reeds, though the musette drones have double reeds (see reed instrumentreed instrument,
in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng.
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). Associated with folk and military music, it has been neglected by composers, possibly because of its short range.


See T. H. Podnos, Bagpipes and Tunings (1974); T. Collinson, The Bagpipe (1975).

References in classic literature ?
Then they knocked up a little place for him at the bottom of the garden, about quarter of a mile from the house, and made him take the machine down there when he wanted to work it; and sometimes a visitor would come to the house who knew nothing of the matter, and they would forget to tell him all about it, and caution him, and he would go out for a stroll round the garden and suddenly get within earshot of those bagpipes, without being prepared for it, or knowing what it was.
There is, it must be confessed, something very sad about the early efforts of an amateur in bagpipes.
You want to be in good health to play the bagpipes.
Its atmosphere was oppressive and disagreeable; it was crowded, noisy, and confusing; half the pupils dropped asleep, or fell into a state of waking stupefaction; the other half kept them in either condition by maintaining a monotonous droning noise, as if they were performing, out of time and tune, on a ruder sort of bagpipe.
Kim Bibby Wilson, bagpipes representative on the Newcastle Society of Antiquaries which owns the Chantry collection, said: "We are in informal discussions with the trust and the council and welcome opportunities to develop the future of the museum in whatever way is deemed most feasible.
THE rousing sound of bagpipes rang out from an historic abbey when hundreds of enthusiasts from across Europe flocked to celebrate the unique musical instrument.
Bill Jenkins, 69, is accused by Knowsley council of playing his bagpipes to raise cash for charity without a permit.
A cheeky businessman from Pakistan is opening a shop on the Royal Mile in Edinburgh selling his Aisan-made bagpipes and kilts.
This is Pakistan's Scottish hub," says Nadeem Bhatti, chief executive of one of the hundred small firms making bagpipes and Highland clothing in Sialkot.
Sialkot is home to 100 firms making bagpipes, Glengarry hats, kilts and sporrans.
Malcolm Rosenberger's father discovered bagpipes while fighting in Europe during World War II, and he liked them so much he founded the Cameron Highlanders Pipe Band of San Diego County with Rosenberger's grandfather, in 1946.
A SHOPPING centre busker has been told to pipe down - because his wailing bagpipes are getting on people's nerves.