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musical instrument whose ancient origin was probably in Mesopotamia from which it was carried east and west by Celtic migrations. It was used in ancient Greece and Rome and has been long known in India. Some form of bagpipe was later used in nearly every European country; it was particularly fashionable in 18th-century France, where it was called the musette. Its widest use and greatest development was in the British Isles, particularly Northumberland, Ireland, and Scotland. The island of Skye was the home of a school for pipers. The Highland pipe of Scotland, the most well-known type, was a martial instrument and from it comes the modern great pipe; but at least six other types were once used in the British Isles. The basic construction of a bagpipe consists of a bag, usually leather, which is inflated either by mouth through a tube or by a bellows worked by the arm; one or two chanters (or chaunters), melody pipes having finger holes and fitted usually with double reeds; and one or more drones, which produce one sustained tone each and usually have single reeds, though the musette drones have double reeds (see reed instrumentreed instrument,
in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng.
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). Associated with folk and military music, it has been neglected by composers, possibly because of its short range.


See T. H. Podnos, Bagpipes and Tunings (1974); T. Collinson, The Bagpipe (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
But I wanted to do my round of all 282 mountains differently so I came up with the bagpiping idea.
In these two books John Gibson makes a consistent argument that highland bagpiping in Canada and Scotland is rooted in and supported by Gaelic society and tradition.
The first, Traditional Gaelic Bagpiping, 1745-1945, develops two major themes in the story of Scottish Gaelic bagpiping.
This book is an historical reconstruction of traditional Highland bagpiping in a broad political and social context from the suppression of the last Jacobite rebellion in 1745 to the mid-twentieth century, and the interpretation of the cultural and historical relationship between traditional Scottish and New World bagpiping.
Similarly, Gibson convincingly refutes another widespread opinion, namely that Culloden marked a decline in classical bagpiping (ceol mor, or "great music," as opposed to ceol baeg, including marches, airs and dances).
THE world's first doctor of bagpiping graduated yesterday.
Recognising the renewed interest in the instrument, Stow College and the College of Piping have come up with a Higher National Certificate course in Professional Bagpiping.
I did a full-time bagpiping course, as it's not recognised as educational in the UK, I couldn't get student visa, so my official status was as a tourist even though I studied seven days a week.