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musical instrument whose ancient origin was probably in Mesopotamia from which it was carried east and west by Celtic migrations. It was used in ancient Greece and Rome and has been long known in India. Some form of bagpipe was later used in nearly every European country; it was particularly fashionable in 18th-century France, where it was called the musette. Its widest use and greatest development was in the British Isles, particularly Northumberland, Ireland, and Scotland. The island of Skye was the home of a school for pipers. The Highland pipe of Scotland, the most well-known type, was a martial instrument and from it comes the modern great pipe; but at least six other types were once used in the British Isles. The basic construction of a bagpipe consists of a bag, usually leather, which is inflated either by mouth through a tube or by a bellows worked by the arm; one or two chanters (or chaunters), melody pipes having finger holes and fitted usually with double reeds; and one or more drones, which produce one sustained tone each and usually have single reeds, though the musette drones have double reeds (see reed instrumentreed instrument,
in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng.
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). Associated with folk and military music, it has been neglected by composers, possibly because of its short range.


See T. H. Podnos, Bagpipes and Tunings (1974); T. Collinson, The Bagpipe (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
The second volume, Old and New World Highland Bagpiping, builds nicely on the first.
In Old and New World Highland Bagpiping Gibson tracks the changing form and use of the musical expression, which is no small feat.
The author admits that the classical form of bagpiping may have lost some of its value as a statement of social status in some parts of Gaelic Scotland, but bagpiping remained widely popular.
He shows how late eighteenth-century bagpiping survived in this area, resisting the pressure of modernity, due to remoteness, the lack of contact with the imperial military machine, the persistence of the ear-learning method, and the conservative character of immigrant communities.
Simon, 25, of Glasgow, said he was "delighted" to be given the opportunity to study "ethnomusicology" and concentrate on bagpiping.
Eddie McGuire, Chairman of The West of Scotland Branch of the Musicians Union said: "The Professional Bagpiping HNC course devised by Stow College and the College of Piping, will be an extremely valuable qualification for young pipers wishing to make their career as performers on the bagpipe.
The HNC in Professional Bagpiping will run initially as a year-long full- time course, but plans to develop flexible study patterns, especially for students studying at home, are in development.
I joined the local Milngavie pipe band and helped out with children there, and studied Piobaireachd - that's classical bagpiping.
I want to teach bagpiping and win this championship - those are my two main ambitions.