Bahadur Shah II

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Bahadur Shah II

(bähä`do͝or shä), 1775–1862, last MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 emperor of India (1837–57). A political figurehead, he was completely controlled by the British East India Company, who found it convenient to maintain the fiction of Mughal rule. He was an old man of 82 at the time of the Indian MutinyIndian Mutiny,
1857–58, revolt that began with Indian soldiers in the Bengal army of the British East India Company but developed into a widespread uprising against British rule in India. It is also known as the Sepoy Rebellion, sepoys being the native soldiers.
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 (1857–58) but, implicated by a rebel proclamation, he was convicted of complicity and exiled to Rangoon for life.
References in periodicals archive ?
The last of the Mughals, vividly portrayed by Dalrymple, was the emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar II (1775-1862), a religiously tolerant man (his mother was a Hindu) of exquisite refinement and a notable poet, cruelly but accurately dubbed "the chessboard king.