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(bä'härē`ə), oasis (1996 est. pop. 25,000), in the Libyan Desert, central Egypt, c.200 mi (322 km) south-southwest of Alexandria. Connected by numerous caravan routes with the Mediterranean coast, the Nile valley, and Farafra oasis, it lies in a basin c.60 mi (97 km) long and 25 mi (40 km) wide, and is surrounded by hills. El Bawiti is the main village. Dates, olives, apricots, oranges, grapes, wheat, and rice are grown; iron ore mined in the oasis has been the main source of the Egyptian iron and steel industry centered in HelwanHelwan
, Hilwan
, or Hulwan
, town (1989 est. pop. 230,000), N Egypt, on the Nile River, opposite the ruins of Memphis; a suburb of Cairo. Manufactures include iron and steel, cement, and textiles; there is a food-processing and automobile industry.
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 since the mid-1970s. In 1999 a spectacular 2,000-year-old Greco-Roman cemetery with perhaps thousands of mummies was discovered in a 2 sq mi (5 sq km) area within the oasis. Many of these were bedecked with precious metal and the site is now known as the Valley of the Golden Mummies. Dinosaur remains have also been found there.


See Z. A. Hawass, Valley of the Golden Mummies (2000).

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The Mexican Foreign Minister visited Egypt in September after the incident of the eight Mexican tourists killed by mistake while security forces chased jihadists in the Bahariya Oasis.
The Mexican tourists were mistakenly shot by Egyptian security forces near Bahariya Oasis in the country's Western Desert.
The group of 22 had parked their four 4x4 vehicles off-road on Sunday for a barbecue near the Bahariya oasis, a tourist site in the western desert, when army aircraft suddenly began shelling them from above, security sources and survivors said.
The group of 22 had parked their four 4x4 vehicles off-road Sunday for a barbecue near the Bahariya oasis, a tourist site in the western desert, when army aircraft began shelling them from above, security sources said.
Military aircraft blitzed a sightseeing group of 22 yesterday near Bahariya oasis in the western desert and ground forces opened fire as people tried to flee.
The memorandum include the modernization and development of signaling systems for a number of main lines of railway lines is the most important development of the electrification of the line signaling systems Luxor Aswan line Tanta Mansoura Damietta Bahariya Oasis line.
Recently, the noted scientist Talaat Ramadan, the head of the Geology and Mineral Wealth section at the National Authority for Remote Sensing recently revealed the discovery of a great deposit of crude iron of high quality in the Western Desert's Bahariya Oasis.
Hawass has made a number of major discoveries over the course of his career, including the tombs of the pyramid builders at Giza and the Valley of the Golden Mummies at Bahariya oasis.
The Greco-Roman tombs, in Bahariya Oasis, 300 km (190 miles) southwest of Cairo, were discovered during probes that indicated they may be part of a much larger necropolis.
Zahi Hawass, secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt, has found the Valley of Golden Mummies in the Bahariya Oasis.
One day in 1996, an Egyptian man was riding his donkey to work at a temple in the Bahariya Oasis in central Egypt.
Following in Stromer's footsteps, a team from the University of Pennsylvania blundered onto his original site at Bahariya Oasis in the Sahara.