Bahr-el-Ghazal

Bahr-el-Ghazal

(bär-ĕl-gäzäl`), region, NW South Sudan, divided into Western Bahr-el-Ghazal, Northern Bahr-el-Ghazal, Warrab, and Lakes states. The region takes its name from a river that flows E to the Bahr el Jebel to form the White Nile. An area of swamps and ironstone plateaus, the region is inhabited mainly by the Nilotic-speaking Dinka. Subsistence agriculture, cattle raising, and game hunting are carried on.

Turko-Egyptian and European penetration of the region in the 19th cent. was followed by the development of slave trading. With the suppression of the slave trade in 1864 by the Egyptian khedive, European traders withdrew and local merchant-princes, independent of the khedive's authority, took over the trade. In 1873, al-Zubayr, the most powerful of the native merchant-princes, defeated a Turko-Egyptian force sent to reinforce the ban on slave trading. The khedive then made Bahr-el-Ghazal a nominal province of Egypt, with al-Zubayr as governor. It later became part of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Bhar-el-Ghazal was a province (later a state) of Sudan from its independence in 1956 until the country was restructured in 1996.

In 1982, the insurgent Sudanese People's Liberation Army was formed there to fight domination by the Arab-controlled northern regions of Sudan. The ensuing civil war resulted in severe famine and dislocation as refugees fled the region, but a 2005 peace agreement led to the establishment of the Republic of South Sudan in 2011.

References in periodicals archive ?
Western Bahr-el-Ghazal (WBG) and Jonglei States are among the most food insecure (76% & 46% respectively).
It is believed that six bodyguards were coming from Aweil, Northern Bahr-El-Ghazal state, attempting to get a flight from Wau to Khartoum to meet their commander Peter Gadet who has recently defected from Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) with the aim of joining the renegade general George Athor who is based in Khartoum.
By Manyang Mayom December 7, 2010 (RUMBEK) - The students of Bahr-El-Ghazal University on began a strike at 10PM on Monday night to protest against the power cuts that have interrupted days of examinations.
By Manyang Mayom May 27, 2010 (RUMBEK) -- The Caretaker- Governor of Lakes State, Telar Ring Deng has appealed to the next elected Governor, Engineer Chol Tong Mayay, to initiate a traditional chief's conference in greater Bahr-El-Ghazal to amend a Dinka customary law known as "Wath Aleel".
The law means "A gate of stone" and it only covers Bahr-El-Ghazal region in South Sudan.
By Manyang Mayom October 22, 2009 (WAU) - The Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) official spokesman Major General Kuol Deim Kuol, said five people were killed during an attack by Ugandan rebels on a village in Western Bahr-El-Ghazal State.
On Saturday October 21, 2009, at around 11pm, Lord Resistant Army (LRA) rebels attacked a camp of Darfur Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) at the village of "Kor-Al-Madina" in Western Bahr-El-Ghazal State killing three elements of southern Sudan Police (SSP) and two civilians on the spot.
Al-Gadarif 1 348 378, Khartoum 5 274 321, Al-Gezira 3 575 280, White Nile 1 730 588, Sinnar 1 285 058, Blue Nile 832 112, Northern Kordufan 2 920 992, Southern Kordufan 1 406 404, Northern Darfur 2 113 626, Western Darfur 1 308 225, Southern Darfur 4 093 594, Upper Nile 964 353, Jonglei 1 358 602, Unity 585 801, Warrap 972 928, Northern Bahr-El-Ghazal 720 898, Western Bahr-El-Ghazal 333 431, Lakes 695 730,
Bahr-El-Ghazal state for 13 years during the civil war between the
Bahr-El-Ghazal state governor replacing former governor Madut Biar
Bahr-El-Ghazal state civilians and then peace has multiplied in they
The government of Western Bahr-El-Ghazal state has scheduled for Wani to hold a meeting with state government on Tuesday and state lawmakers too will meet the speaker before his flight to Juba, the capital of the semi-autonomous region of Southern Sudan, said an official.