Baian

Baian

 

(named after the legendary ancient Russian singer and narrator of folktales, Baian or Boian), a reed instrument; a hand-operated, push-button accordion with a full chromatic scale on the right keyboard (with a range from B flat of the great octave to C sharp of the fourth octave) and with bass and prepared chord accompaniment on the left keyboard.

The bass of the baian has a range of one octave, but each note sounds simultaneously in five (or four) octaves. The prepared chords, the major and minor triads and their inversions, and the seventh chords (sometimes also the diminished seventh chords) are in all the keys. The predecessors of the baian are a four-row St. Petersburg accordion and a three-row Viennese one. The name baian was first given to an improved four-row chromatic accordion by its designer P. E. Sterligov and the accordionist la. F. Orlanskii in 1907 (St. Petersburg).

Beginning in the early 20th century the systems of V. P. Khegstrem and N. Z. Sinitskii, as well as the “Moscow” or the “foreign” system, also became well-known in Russia. (This is also known as the “Viennese” system and was invented by the German master G. Mirwald in 1891.) In the 1920’s the Moscow system was adopted in the USSR for industrial production of the baian. The systems employed in international practice are the Viennese (three rows), the Belgian (analogous to the Viennese but with five rows), and the Italian and French (five rows). The Belgian and Italian systems are the most widespread. The five- (or six-) row keyboard, which duplicates the basic rows in the same order, as well as the use of a five-finger fingering system, makes the baian considerably easier to play. The so-called already-harmonized, multitimbred baian with its ready-made chords and free harmonization has even greater performing possibilities. It is distinguished by the introduction of register switches and supplementary keyboards for the left hand that have the same arrangement of sounds as the right keyboard (the range extends from E of the contraoctave to C sharp of the third octave when the switches are not used, and from F of the great octave to F sharp of the second octave, using the switches). The baian is not only a folk instrument but also a solo orchestra instrument. An extensive literature has been published for the baian in the USSR and abroad, where it is known by the name push-button (or chromatic) accordion.

A. M. MIREK

References in periodicals archive ?
Other sources said that director of the so-called Sharia office of Baian Movement Bassam Abdel-Razaq was killed in explosion of an explosive device attached by terrorists to his car in Sirmin town to the east of Idleb.
Por la mar abajo ban los mis ojos: quierome ir con ellos, no baian solos.
Pehlivanian will also conduct Richard Strauss' Ein Heldenleben, and Issa Boulos will perform his composition Sama'i Nahawand with Baian Reda, Yassine Ayari, Rony Moser, George Oro and Taoufik Mirkham, explained a QPO spokesperson.
ALL ABOARD: Firefighter Daryl Schofield shows youngsters Jayden Baian, Lucas Plumbley and Evie Evans the inside of a fire engine and, inset: firefighters from White Watch, Philip Derrick, left, and Imran Ali show youngsters Coby Handforth and Elle Milloy some of the firefighting equipment (AC250611Bfire-04) Purchase: www.
An ancient recipe from Apicius entitled Baian Casserole consisted of a decadent mixture of minced oysters, mushrooms and sea urchin tongues.
First and foremost the three basic freedoms of Azadi-e Baian, Azadi-e Qalam, Azadi-e Andish-e: the freedom of speech, the freedom to write and the freedom of thought.
The court sentenced the alleged ringleader Anwar Baian Al Jilani to four years in prison.
Also Ran: 4 Pharitz Skyman 5/1, 5 Iltshi 16/1, 6 Stray Bullet 33/1, 7 Polska 20/1, 8 Cicerone 33/1, 9 Wayward Silver 33/1, 10 G Baian 33/1.
Other sources said that director of the so-called "Sharia office of Baian Movement" Bassam Abdel-Razaq was killed in explosion of an explosive device attached by terrorists to his car in Sirmin town to the east of Idleb.