Baybars I

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Baybars I

(bī`bärs), 1223–77, Mamluk sultan (1260–77) of Egypt and Syria. Once a Turkish slave, Baybars became a commander of the Ayyubid and then MamlukMamluk
or Mameluke
[Arab.,=slaves], a warrior caste dominant in Egypt and influential in the Middle East for over 700 years. Islamic rulers created this warrior caste by collecting non-Muslim slave boys and training them as cavalry soldiers especially loyal to their
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 armies. In 1260 he led Mamluk troops to victory against the MongolsMongols
, Asian people, numbering about 6 million and distributed mainly in the Republic of Mongolia, the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region of China, and Kalmykia and the Buryat Republic of Russia.
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 at the Battle of Ayn Jalut. When reporting to the sultan, Baybars killed him with a sword and became the fourth Mamluk sultan. His reign was marked by continuous military campaigns against Persian Mongols and Christian crusaders. He died in Damascus by mistakenly drinking poison.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under the patronage of Baibars and his Mamluk successors, the Syrian Assassins remained a force to be reckoned with well into the 14th century.
The Mameluke Sultan Baibars who ruled Jerusalem over the two centuries after Hakim was just as vicious toward non-Muslims.
A FORTALEZA DEL CRAC, EL CASTILLO CRISTIANO MAS INEXPUGNABLE DE LA EDAD MEDIA--CON 350 METROS DE DIAMETRO Y UNA MURALLA EXTERIOR DE 900 METROS--, APENAS CUENTA CON 200 HOMBRES PARA SOPORTAR EL ASEDIO QUE DESDE HACE MESES RECIBE DEL EJERCITO MAMELUCO DEL SULTAN BAIBARS.
Nei maggio del 1268, quando il sultano Baibars cinse d'assedio Antiochia, Fidenzio lascio Tripoli per recarsi nei campo nemico e aiutare i prigionieri Cristiani.
He runs after her and tells Baibars to take over, finally giving Baibars the chance to make his name.
Egypt has a number of means available to it for taking a strong response to any position that threatens its historical right to Nile water," said ambassador Ridda Baibars, spokesman for the Egyptian delegation to the conference.
Abd al-'Aziz al-Khuwaytir (Riyadh, 1976), 383; Peter Thorau, Sultan Baibars I.
In contrast to these epics based on legends or myths originating in the oral tradition is the epic of Baibars.
However even Sunday historians may be puzzled by some of the problems thrown up by Les trois vies du Sultan Baibars and students of Mamluk history should certainly be cautioned that the account given of the Sultan's life is not wholly reliable.
From the 1250s the fortunes of the Knights Hospitaller took a turn for the worse and in 1271 Mamluk Sultan Baibars captured Krak des Chevaliers after a siege lasting 36 days, supposedly by way of a forged letter purportedly from the Hospitallers' Grand Master that caused the Knights to surrender.
The main stars are the director Hamzawy, Melody Man, and Hamzawy's assistant, Baibars.