Baikonur(redirected from Baikanour)
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Baikonur(bÿ -ko-noor) A space center or cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, NE of the Aral Sea, that is the location of the main launch site for spacecraft of the Russian Federation and (prior to 1992) the Soviet Union. First used for missile and rocket launches in the mid-1950s, the Baikonur Cosmodrome was the site from which the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched, Oct. 4 1957, and from which Vostok 1 carried into orbit Yuri Gagarin, the first person ever to travel in space, Apr. 12 1961.
one of the largest space installations in the Soviet Union; located in the Karaganda Oblast, of the Kazakh SSR. Many launch complexes, technical posts, and measuring points for the execution of a broad program of space research were built at Baikonur. Many measuring points are situated along the installation’s routes. The first artificial earth satellite in the world was launched from Baikonur, and it was from here that Iu. A. Gagarin made the first manned space flight and that the first space flight by a woman—V. V. Tereshkova—was launched. Many other space research launchings were carried out at Baikonur.