Baikonur


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Baikonur

a launching site for spacecraft in central Kazakhstan; formerly the centre for the Soviet space programme, now leased from Kazakhstan by Russia

Baikonur

(bÿ -ko-noor) A space center or cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, NE of the Aral Sea, that is the location of the main launch site for spacecraft of the Russian Federation and (prior to 1992) the Soviet Union. First used for missile and rocket launches in the mid-1950s, the Baikonur Cosmodrome was the site from which the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched, Oct. 4 1957, and from which Vostok 1 carried into orbit Yuri Gagarin, the first person ever to travel in space, Apr. 12 1961.

Baikonur

 

one of the largest space installations in the Soviet Union; located in the Karaganda Oblast, of the Kazakh SSR. Many launch complexes, technical posts, and measuring points for the execution of a broad program of space research were built at Baikonur. Many measuring points are situated along the installation’s routes. The first artificial earth satellite in the world was launched from Baikonur, and it was from here that Iu. A. Gagarin made the first manned space flight and that the first space flight by a woman—V. V. Tereshkova—was launched. Many other space research launchings were carried out at Baikonur.

References in periodicals archive ?
Interestingly, the (original) town of Baikonur was nearly 200 miles northeast of the launch facility.
Var of preparations at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan
An unmanned Russian carrier rocket exploded Tuesday on takeoff at the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, releasing tonnes of highly toxic fuel into the air in the space programme's latest disaster caught on live television.
The Clyde Space satellite will travel from Glasgow to Kazakhstan by plane and will undergo tests at Baikonur.
The Soyuz TMA-02M craft was slowly carried on a flatbed train shortly after daybreak Sunday from a hangar to its launch pad in Baikonur, a Russian-leased facility deep inside the territory of Kazakhstan, according to a report of the Associated Press.
Russia has a lease on Baikonur until 2050 and has paid around 115 million US dollars to Kazakhstan in rent since the agreement in 2004.
Baikonur has been used for many Soviet space launches, including cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin's first flight into orbit in 1961.
Launched in pairs from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on July 16 and Aug.
MOSCOW - Russia warned Kazakstan that the three crew members aboard the Mir space station may have to be brought home early if a ban on launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome is not lifted.
20 Kyodo Russia launched into space Friday the first component of the International Space Station from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakstan.
When Russia's Space Agency launches its rockets from Kazakhstan's Baikonur Cosmodrome, they fly east directly over the Lykovy cabin.
PST) Saturday from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakstan, the Interfax news agency said.