Baikonur Cosmodrome


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Baikonur or Baykonur Cosmodrome

(both: bī'kəno͞or`), formerly secret aerospace launch complex, Qyzylorda prov., S central Kazakhstan, near Baikonur (originally, 1958–95, Leninsk) but c.200 mi (320 km) SW of the mining town of Baikonur, whose name it was given to mislead the curious. The first facilities were built in the mid-1950s and served as the center for the Soviet space program. In Aug., 1957, the site was used to test an intercontinental ballistic missile; less than two months later Sputnik I, the world's first artificial satellite, was launched from Baikonur. In 1961 human spaceflight began there when the Vostok piloted by Yuri GagarinGagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich
, 1934–68, Russian astronaut (cosmonaut), b. near Gzhatsk, RSFSR. He was the first in history to be rocketed into orbital space flight. His flight on Apr. 12, 1961, lasted 1 hr. 48 min. and circled the earth once.
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 was launched and orbited the earth, and all subsequent Soviet missions originated there. After the breakup of the USSR, the Cosmodrome reverted to Kazakhstan, but since the early 1990s it has been leased by Russia for its space program. It also is used for missions to the International Space Station.
References in periodicals archive ?
There is no direct connection between the mass die-off of saiga antelopes and launches of the Russian rocket-carriers Proton at the Baikonur cosmodrome, said acting chairman of the Aerospace Committee of the Ministry of Investment and Development of Kazakhstan Meirbek Moldabekov.
ASTANA (CyHAN)- After launching earlier in the day in their Soyuz TMA-16M spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, Expedition 43 Soyuz Commander Gennady Padalka and Flight Engineer Mikhail Kornienko of the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) and NASA Flight Engineer Scott Kelly arrived at the International Space Station on March 27 U.
During the meeting the parties discussed bilateral space cooperation in detail, including interaction at the Baikonur cosmodrome and Baiterek space rocket complex.
The Proton-M booster suffered an emergency shutdown of its engines 17 seconds into the flight and crashed a mile from the launch pad on the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
Summary: An unmanned Russian carrier rocket exploded Tuesday on takeoff at the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, .
ET Tuesday) from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan for a nearly six-hour flight to the station.
Summary: An unpiloted Russian craft carrying cargo for the International Space Station has launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
The UKUBE-1 will be blasted into orbit from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
Moscow, Ramadan 3, 1433, Jul 22, 2012, SPA - A Russian Soyuz rocket took off Sunday from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, carrying satellites from Germany, Russia, Belarus and Canada, cosmodrome authorities said.
It's likely that Russia's Phobos-Grunt spacecraft, launched November 8 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan and aiming for the Mars moon Phobos, will fall back to Earth--but where and when are still unknown.
CONGO: Virunga National Park is inviting tourists on a trek to view a spectacular eruption of Mount Nyamulagira: rivers of incandescent lava are flowing slowly north into an uninhabited part of the park but pose no danger to its critically endangered mountain gorillas KAZAKHSTAN: The Russian Soyuz TMA-22 space ship attached on the Soyuz-FG rocket booster is seen prior to the launch at the Russian-leased Baikonur Cosmodrome THAILAND Men ride a boat next to a house damaged by floods on the outskirts of Bangkok.
25 (BNA) RUSSIA'S PROTON M CARRIER ROCKET THAT WAS BLASTED OFF FROM THE BAIKONUR COSMODROME ON TUESDAY EVENING ON WEDNESDAY SUCCESSFULLY PLACED ON THE TARGET ORBIT THE FRENCH COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITES W 7.