Also found in: Wikipedia.


(bäkä`sē), peninsula, c.400 sq mi (1,000 sq km), E Cameroon, on the Cameroon-Nigeria border, at the SE end of the Gulf of Guinea. The swampy peninsula and associated small islands are strategically located, controlling access to the Nigerian port of CalabarCalabar
, city (1991 est. pop. 154,000), SE Nigeria, a port on an estuary of the Gulf of Guinea. Rubber is processed, and palm oil, cacao, rubber, and timber are exported. Calabar, an important Niger delta trading state in the 19th cent., grew as a center of the palm oil trade.
..... Click the link for more information.
; the surrounding waters are rich in fish and submarine oil deposits. The traditional inhabitants are mainly Efik fishermen with historical ties to Nigeria.

In 1961 the S British CameroonsCameroons,
Fr. Cameroun, Ger. Kamerun, former German colony, W Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea and extending N to Lake Chad. Germany's penetration of the area began in 1884 and by 1902 its possession was recognized.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (a former German colony) became part of Cameroon, while the northern portion joined Nigeria. Control of the peninsula, which was in Nigerian hands, was disputed between the two countries, and military clashes over it occurred sporadically. The dispute was brought in 1994 by Cameroon to International Court of Justice, which awarded the peninsula to Cameroon in 2002. The judgment was largely based on the 1913 Anglo-German agreement that defined the borders of those nations colonies.

A 2006 agreement established a two-year timetable for the handover of the peninsula; the inhabitants could remain as Cameroonian citizens or be resettled in Nigeria. The handover process began in Aug., 2006, when Nigeria withdrew its troops from the region, and the northern portion was transferred to Cameroon. The transfer of the region was completed in Aug., 2008. Many residents moved from Bakassi to Nigeria, both before and after the transfer was completed, and there have been clashes between Cameroonian forces and residents opposed to the handover.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
SDX's portfolio also consists of South Ramadan, a development asset in the Gulf of Suez; South Disouq, an exploration asset in the Nile Delta; and West Bakassi, an exploration block in Cameroon within the prolific Niger Delta Basin.
Relations between Nigeria and Cameroon have been fraught for years because of territorial disputes, in particular over the oil-rich Bakassi peninsula, which eventually was awarded to Cameroon by an international court.
Nigeria and Cameroon have accumulated distrust over numerous small border disagreements and, most significantly, the disputed Bakassi peninsula.
The case of the defunct dreadful Bakassi Boys in Anambra State, south east Nigeria is an example.
One, the Bakassi Freedom Fighters (BFF), is opposed to Nigeria's return of the Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon.
In the East, the Bakassi Boys, Bakassi Movement for self-determination, Igbo People Congress, Movement for the Emancipation of Niger Delta (MEND), and MOSOP are terrorist groups fighting for one goal or the other.
According to a report from this international institution: "Cameroon has notably pursued a process of decentralisation, and peacefully handled Nigeria's handover of the Bakassi peninsula.
Bakassi is a region little-known in the West, in the borderlands of Nigeria and Cameroon.
The Local Government Areas include Abi, Akamkpa, Bekwarra, Biase, Bakassi and Akpabuyo.
The speaker, Yohanna Tijani, explains, "I want to say a special thanks to that family that hid me under their Sacred Heart altar and prayed their rosaries as Bakassi Boys stormed the house" (314).
Cameroon successfully resolved its border dispute with Nigeria in the oil-rich Bakassi Peninsula through peaceful legal means after having submitted the case to the International Court of Justice (ICJ).
22) Politicized street gangs, such as the Bakassi boys in Nigeria or the so-called veterans militias in Zimbabwe, perform similar functions for state agents.