Baker, Howard Henry, Jr.

Baker, Howard Henry, Jr.,

1925–2014, U.S. politician and public official, b. Huntsville, Tenn., grad. Univ. of Tennessee Law College 1949. The son of Howard Henry Baker, 1902–64, a lawyer, newspaper publisher, and U.S. Representative (1951–64) from Tennessee, he was a moderate Republican who served three terms as a U.S. senator (1967–85) from Tennessee. In 1973 he gained national attention as a member of the Senate committee investigating the Watergate affairWatergate affair,
in U.S. history, series of scandals involving the administration of President Richard M. Nixon; more specifically, the burglarizing of the Democratic party national headquarters in the Watergate apartment complex in Washington, D.C.
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, becoming a key figure in discovering "what the president knew and when he knew it" despite the fact that he and President Nixon were in the same political party. He subsequently became (1977) Senate minority leader and then served (1981–85) as Senate majority leader after the Republican victory in the 1980 elections. He also was White House chief of staff (1987–88) under President Ronald ReaganReagan, Ronald Wilson
, 1911–2004, 40th president of the United States (1981–89), b. Tampico, Ill. In 1932, after graduation from Eureka College, he became a radio announcer and sportscaster.
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. In 1996 he married Senator Nancy Landon Kassebaum (see Kassebaum-Baker, Nancy LandonKassebaum-Baker, Nancy Landon
, 1932–, U.S. senator from Kansas (1979–97), b. Topeka, Kans. A Republican and the daughter of Kansas governor Alfred Mossman (Alf) Landon, she was the first woman who had not entered politics as the widow of a congressman to be elected
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). Baker served as U.S. ambassador to Japan from 2001 to 2005.