Bakhchisarai

Bakhchisarai

 

(in Turkic, “garden palace,” from Persian [Turkic] bakhche, “little garden,” and sarai, “palace”), a city; center of Bakhchisarai Raion, Crimean Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Located in the picturesque valley of the Churuksu River (a tributary of the Kacha), between the northern and central ridges of the Crimean Mountains, on the Simferopol’-Sevastopol’ highway. The city has a railroad station. Population, 15,000 (1969).

Bakhchisarai has an essential oil plant, a winery, a juice-extracting and canning plant, a dairy, a cement plant, a reinforced-concrete product plant, a woodworking plant, and a spinning factory. It also has a construction technicum. Bakhchisarai was founded in the early 16th century by Khan Mengli-Girei and was the capital of the Crimean Khanate until its incorporation into Russia in 1783. Architectural monuments in Bakhchisarai that are widely known are the complex of the former palace of the khan (16th century, rebuilt in 1787 after a fire, then repeatedly restored; now a historical and archaeological museum) with the Ambassador’s Gates executed by Aloisio Friazin the Younger; and numerous mausoleums and madrasas (14th—18th centuries). The Fountain of Tears (1764, by the master Omar), which has been the subject of poems by A. S. Pushkin and A. Mickiewicz, has been preserved. The ruins of Chufut-Kale, a medieval cave city and fortress, are outside the town. The Bakhchisarai Peace Treaty of 1681 between Russia and Turkey was signed in Bakhchisarai.

REFERENCE

[Nogaevskaia, E. V.] Bakhchisarai: Putevoditel’. Simferopol’, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Major organization : BAKHCHISARAI BRANCH OF THE STATE BUDGET INSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA "CRIMEAN DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES AND LAND RECLAMATION"
Russia's Perm Opera & Ballet Theatre will present The Fountain of Bakhchisarai, inspired by the poem of the same title by Alexander Pushkin in November.
Holotype male Ukraine: Crimea, Plateau Tshufut-Kale near Bakhchisarai city, 6-X-2005, dry bush, soil, leg.
The Russian tricolor flags were painted on the vehicles, which were parked on the side of the road near the town of Bakhchisarai, apparently because one of them had mechanical problems.
Apart from Kitri in Don Quixote, which was her favorite role (she danced it in besieged Moscow in 1941 to keep up the morale of the Russian troops), Sulamith was also known for her ebullient Zarema in The Fountain off Bakhchisarai, her vivacious Lise in La Fille mal gardee, and her heroic Jeanne in The Flames of Paris, the role for which she was awarded a Stalin's prize.
He's already at it: In October, the Central Ballet of China will produce his new version of The Fountains of Bakhchisarai.
Manon is a choreographic drama--a genre once premiered frequently by the Kirov Ballet; The Fountain of Bakhchisarai (1934) and Romeo and Juliet (1940) are both still in the Maryinsky's repertoire.
Parkstone Press's The Great History of Russian Ballet (reviewed on page 49) includes among more than 200 illustrations many rarities, such as this set design by Valentina Khodasevich for Rostislav Zakharov's Fountain of Bakhchisarai (1934).
Along with performances of Giselle, danced by, among others, Zelensky, Zakharova, Diana Vishneva, and Igor Kolb, the Kirov presents the North American premiere of The Fountain of Bakhchisarai.
Therefore, on the day of the ballerina's funeral, The Fountain of Bakhchisarai was performed in her honor on the Maryinsky stage.
Apart from those performances, there was a BBC-TV performance at that time of Swan Lake, Act II, and there are various movies of her around, including a memorable sight of her Maria in Rotislav Zakharov's The Fountain of Bakhchisarai.
The first performances to sell out were those of The Fountain of Bakhchisarai, last seen here when the Bolshoi first visited London in 1956, and the Saisons Russes program of Michel Fokine ballets (familiar to London audiences, though not in the Kirov's new productions).