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Bakhchisaray(bäkh'chēsərī`) [Turk.,=garden palace], city, Crimea. From 1954 part of Ukraine (then the Ukrainian SSR), the city passed to Russian control in 2014 after the occupation and annexation of Crimea. From the early 15th cent. until 1783 it was the capital of the khanate of CrimeaCrimea
, Rus. and Ukr. Krym, peninsula and republic (1991 est. pop. 2,363,000), c.10,000 sq mi (25,900 sq km), SE Europe, linked with the mainland by the Perekop Isthmus. The peninsula is bounded on the S and W by the Black Sea.
..... Click the link for more information. , or Little Tatary. The palace of the khans, celebrated by PushkinPushkin, Aleksandr Sergeyevich
, 1799–1837, Russian poet and prose writer, among the foremost figures in Russian literature. He was born in Moscow of an old noble family; his mother's grandfather was Abram Hannibal, the black general of Peter the Great.
..... Click the link for more information. and MickiewiczMickiewicz, Adam
, 1798–1855, Polish romantic poet and playwright, b. Belorussia. He studied at the Univ. of Vilna, where he was arrested (1823) for pan-Polish activities and deported to Russia.
..... Click the link for more information. for its beauty, notably for its white marble fountains, was built in the 16th cent. and is now a museum. In the city are many mosques and the tombs of the khans. Nearby are the ruins of Chufut-Kale.