(Turkmen—bagshï; Kazakh—baks’i), folk singers, musicians, storytellers, and poets among the people of Middle Asia.

The word bakhshi comes from the Sanskrit bhikshu, meaning teacher. Among the Mongols, who practiced Buddhism, bakhshi meant a man who knew how to write Uighur script. Therefore, during the time of Genghis Khan and until the 15th century, bureaucratic scribes were called bakhshi. Among shamanists a bakhshi was a sorcerer, a wizard, or a folk doctor shaman who “drove out” evil spirits from the sick with magic songs and the playing of musical instruments.

Bakhshi sing folk songs and epic compositions—dastans—and accompany the singing on two-stringed musical instruments—dutars. (The prose part of a dastan is usually spoken.) Bakhshi have created and preserved an oral tradition. In an almost totally illiterate population, they were also disseminators of classical works. After the October Revolution, many oral works of the bakhshi were transcribed. For teaching complete mastery of the bakhshi art there was a system that gave an important place to poetry competitions.


Uspenskii, V., and V. Beliaev. Turkmenskaia muzyka. Moscow, 1928.


References in periodicals archive ?
Sitting amid the chaos of film festival paraphernalia, Iranian filmmaker Massoud Bakhshi calmly sips a cup of tea.
The Bakhshi Javaid Salamat Qawwal group, who play a traditional Pakistani style of music with roots in Sufi mysticism, were also extremely well-received along with the Indian brass band Bombay Baja.
There will also be sets from Bakhshi Javaid Salamat and his Qawwali fusion group, drummers Dhesi Vibes and Bhangra artists Gubi and Manak-e.
Dr Surinder Bakhshi, a Birmingham consultant in communicable disease control, said: 'The survey results reflect a situation I see in the health authority and the importance of completing the full course to avoid contracting malaria should be stressed.
Health authority expert Dr Surinder Bakhshi warned that unless more children were immunised, an epidemic - such as the one which left 18,000 Birmingham children ill in 1978 - was unavoidable.
We are always looking for ways to make banking simpler and more convenient for people, and providing our customers with easy access to their money any time, anywhere is critical," said Nandita Bakhshi, executive vice president and manager of payments at Washington Mutual.
However, a contingent of Indian police stopped the protesters near Tyndale Biscoe School and arrested Yasin Malik along with thirty others party leaders and activists including Noor Mohammad Kalwal, Bashir Ahmad Butt, Showket Ahmad Bakhshi, Javed Ahmad Zargar, Bashir Kashmiri, Mir Sirajuddin, Shaikh Abdul Rasheed, Ghulam Mohammad Dar, Bashir Ahmad Rather, Mohammad Rafiq War, Mohammad Yasin Butt, Mohammad Sidiq Shah and Zakir Ahmad.
The puppet authorities continue to put under detention Hurriyet leaders including Syed Ali Gilani Mirwaiz Umar Farooq Mohammad Yasin Malik Maulana Abbas Ansari Mohammad Ashraf Sehrai Zafar Akbar Butt Engineer Hilal Ahmad War Mukhtar Ahmed Waza Showkat Ahmed Bakhshi Qazi Yasir Ahmad Ayaz Akbar and Raja Merajuddin in their houses and police stations to prevent them from leading the demonstrations.
Tenders are invited for Providing water supply scheme Sunam Under UIDSSMT DNIT For Construction of 2 No Pump chambers providing and installing of 2 No pump sets capable of delivering 1200 LPM with 80 Mtr head for already Bored tube wells of size 300mmx200mm up to 200 Mtr depth at TW Bakhshi wala Road and Stadium Providing and Stringing DI Pipe of 150mmid and 250mmid Construction of SV Chamber at Sunam Distt Sangrur
Marching through the Ghulam Ali bazr of the district, around 300 locals denounced the murder of the shopkeeper, local council head Ghayasuddin Bakhshi told Pajhwok Afghan News.
With the majority of consumers looking to spend the same as last year, gift cards are a perfect option to keep holiday spending in check," said Nandita Bakhshi, Executive Vice President, Head of Products, TD Bank.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- The International Big Sky Documentary Festival in Montana, US is due to showcase 'Tehran Has No More Pomegranates' by Iranian director Masoud Bakhshi.