Mikhail Bakhtin

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Bakhtin, Mikhail Mikhailovich

 

Born Nov. 5 (17), 1895, in the city of Orel. Soviet Russian literary scholar.

In 1920, Bakhtin began his pedagogical and literary work. In his book Problems in Dostoevsky’s Works (1929) he studied the polyphonic character of the author’s artistic thought. In his book on F. Rabelais (1965), Bakhtin analyzed the essence of the comic and the grotesque, the popular “carnivalization” of art. He is also the author of articles on L. N. Tolstoy (1930) and works on the theory of literature.

WORKS

Problemy poetiki Dostoevskogo, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1963.
Tvorchestvo F. Rable i narodnaia kul’tura Srednevekov’ia i Renessansa. Moscow, 1965.
“Epos i roman.” Voprosy literatury, 1970, no. 1.

REFERENCES

Lunacharskii, A. V. “O’mnogogolosnosti’ Dostoevskogo.” In his book Stat’i o literature. Moscow, 1957.
Shubin, L. “Gumanizm Dostoevskogo i’dostoevshchina’.” Voprosy literatury, 1965, no. 1.
Pospelov,G. “Preuvelicheniia ot uvlecheniia.” Voprosy literatury, 1965, no. 1.
Pinskii, L. “Rable v novom osveshchenii.” Voprosy literatury, 1966, no. 6.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chesterton, Miroslav Volf, and Charles Williams, while also bringing cultural theorists such as Elaine Scarry, Paul Ricoeur, Mikhail Bakthin, and Martha Nussbaum, as well as liberation theologian Roberto Goizueta, to the table.
Uma vez que se considere--parafraseando Bakthin (1973)--a lingua como o sensor das transformacoes sociais, ha de atentar para as repercussoes desse rearranjo social nas relacoes interpessoais, e consequentemente, nas formas de tratamento.
Ek stel voor dat Bakthin se idees oor dialogisme en heteroglossie gebruik word as die teoretiese begronding van die kunstenaarsboek as 'n dinamiese visuele taal wat in 'n netwerk van ander tekste staan en deel is van die proses van die eindelose herbeskrywing van die wereld.
Em Mikhail Bakthin, ha um conceito da funcao do carnaval semelhante nas sociedades medievais europeias.
Similar to Wenger's conception of evolving membership, Bakthin (1981, p.
Die Suid-Afrikaanse tronkliteratuur kan op sy beurt gelees word teen die agtergrond van 'n wereldtradisie waartoe onder andere figure soos Boethius, Mikhail Bakthin, Fyodor Dostojewski, Benvenuto Cellini, die Markies de Sade, Jean Genet, Antonio Gramsci, Primo Levi, Rosa Luxembourg, Osip Mandelstam, Ezra Pound, Francois Villon en Oscar Wilde bygedra het, soos wat Davies (1990: 244-57) uitwys in Writers in Prison.
The concept of the chronotope does not, however, lend itself easily to a step-by-step analysis of literary space - partly, as Bart Keunen points out, because of "the minimalistic and rather fuzzy way" in which Bakthin defines the concept (par.
For Bakthin (1981), as individuals are exposed to multiple perspectives different from their internally persuasive discourses, they experience tension and struggle with new ways of thinking.
2001) The Bakthin Reader: Selected Writings of Bakhtin, Medvedev, Voloshinov.
Bakthin (1984) used the term appropriation to denote the assimilation of different perspectives through the languaging and coconstruction process.
After Stalin's death in 1953 the forces of repression gradually eased, and by the late 1950s Bakthin was hailed as a major world scholar; by the 1960s his books were either reprinted or published for the first time and were widely read.
For Bakthin, this process produces what he calls chronotopes, points in the geography of a community where time and space intersect and fuse: