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Inflammation of the glans of the penis or of the clitoris.



inflammation of the glans penis. It is usually associated with prepuce inflammation, or posthitis (bal-anoposthitis). Balanitis occurs chiefly in children whose glans penis is covered by the prepuce, especially if the latter is tight (phimosis). A distinction is made between primary and secondary balanitis. Primary balanitis can be caused by bacteria, retained urine, smegma, and so on in the preputial sac in congenital phimosis and the like. Secondary balanitis arises when an infection (such as gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, or syphilis) spreads to the glans penis from the urethra. Among the systemic diseases, such diseases as diabetes mel-litus and allergic disorders (eczema, hives) may be conducive to the development of balanitis. Balanitis is manifested by pain, ureteral colic while urinating, reddening or even ulceration of the skin of the glans penis and prepuce, suppurative discharges from under it, edema of the penis, and enlargement of the inguinal lymph nodes.

Treatment includes the use of anti-inflammatory drugs (such as antibiotics, baths with disinfectants), as well as surgery in phimosis and recurrent balanitis combined with diabetes. The condition is prevented by observing the rules of personal hygiene.

References in periodicals archive ?
Our contemporary epidemiologic assessment of balanitis xerotica obliterans suggests that black and Hispanic patients have twice the risk of white patients of acquiring the disease.
Balanitis xcrotica obliterans (post-operationeur) und ihre bezichungen zur krauvosis glandis et preaputii penis.
Staff WG: Urethral involvement in balanitis xerotica obliterans.
Relationship of balanitis xerotica obliterans to lichen sclerosus et atrophicus.
Balanitis xerotica obliterans with urethral stricture after hypospadias repair.
Histopathological and immunological studies in a cohort of balanitis xerotica obliterans.
Black and Hispanic patients have twice the risk of white patients for acquiring balanitis xerotica obliterans.
All age groups were susceptible to developing balanitis xerotica obliterans, with the diagnosis at approximately 2 years and continuing well into the 90s.
Our case suggests that the development of a buried penis later in life, despite the neonatal circumcision, may pose a risk factor for the development of penile cancer through such mechanisms as balanitis and poor penile hygiene, both of which are thought to be a sequelae of buried penis and are risk factors for squamous cell cancer of the penis.
You should have your urine tested because it's important to exclude diabetes, in which balanitis if often the first sign.
Other causes of balanitis include infection with skin bacteria, STDs and chemical irritation from detergents.
Balanitis can be prevented with daily washing under the foreskin.