Balanoglossus


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Related to Balanoglossus: Hemichordata

Balanoglossus

[‚bal·ə·nō′glä·səs]
(invertebrate zoology)
A cosmopolitan genus of tongue worms belonging to the class Enteropneusta.

Balanoglossus

 

a genus of animals of the Enterop-neusta class, Hemichorda subphylum. The body (up to 2.5 m long) is divided into the snout, the collar, and the body proper. In the USSR there is one species (up to 9 cm long), found in the Sea of Japan. It lives in the mud and sand of coastal sea waters. Representatives of other genera of the Enteropneusta class are also often called Balanoglossus, for example, the Saccoglossus mereschkowskii (up to 10 cm long), which lives in the White and Barents seas.

References in periodicals archive ?
Thanks to Christoffer Schander and Christiane Todt for providing Norwegian enteropneusts, and Richard Heard for assistance in collecting Balanoglossus cf.
The later stages in the development of Balanoglossus kowalevskki, with a suggestion as to the affinities of the enteropneusta.
Continued account of the later stages in the development of Balanoglossus kowalevskii, and of the morphology of the enteropneusta.
Balanoglossus gigas, the largest of the enteropneusts, grows to lengths exceeding 2 m (Horst, 1939), and creates deep burrow systems with many connections to the surface (Burdon-Jones, 1962).
Babesia bovis (M87566), Tetilla japonica (D15067), Sycon calcaravis (D15066), Mnemiopsis leidyi (L10826), Tripedalia cystophora (L10829), Paraspadella gotoi (d14362), Antedon serrata (D14357), Strongylocentrotus intermedius (D14365), Balanoglossus carnosus (D14359), Oikopleura sp.
Examples of such populations include the terebellid polychaete Lanice conchileca in the North Sea (Buhr, 1976; Weber and Ernst, 1978) and the hemichordate Balanoglossus in the southeastern United States (Peterson and Peterson, 1979).