As for polysemies due to borrowings in the case of geographical proximity, African languages only count six polysemous patterns that may be linked to areal factors (in some cases in addition to genetic factors): cold/wet and EXPENSIVE/HARD (Cerma, Nateni), cold/slow (Cerma, Nateni, Bambara, Tigemaxo), WHITE/CLEAN (Jola, Balante, Bambara), DICK/SOLID (Bambara, Balante), and BIG/round (Yulu, Gbaya).
Table 1: Language sample Kabyle Berber (Afro-Asiatic) Tachelhit Berber (Afro-Asiatic) Tamahak Berber (Afro-Asiatic) Afar Cushitic (Afro-Asiatic) Jola Atlantic (Niger-Congo) Balante Atlantic (Niger-Congo) Gbaya Ubangi (Niger-Congo) Cerma Gur (Niger-Congo) Tigemaxo Mande (Niger-Congo) Chamba Daka Bueno-Congo (Niger-Congo) Yulu Central Sudanic (Nilo-Saharan) French Italic (Indo-European) Tigre Semitic (Afro-Asiatic) Zaar Chadic (Afro-Asiatic) Hausa Chadic (Afro-Asiatic) Kisi Bantu (Niger-Congo) Bijogo Atlantic (Niger-Congo) Wolof Atlantic (Niger-Congo) Zulu Bantu (Niger-Congo) Nateni Gur (Niger-Congo) Bambara Mande (Niger-Congo) Kanuri Saharan (Nilo-Saharan) Palenquero Creole (Spanish based) English Germanic (Indo-Europ.
Kumba Yala, who was overthrown as president in a 2003 coup, is a former philosophy professor who has the backing of the biggest tribe, the Balante
In Guinea-Bissau, the major ethno-linguistic groups are the Balante, Fulbe, Manjack, Manding and Papel.
Data collection was through participant observation carried out by a member of the team in a Balante zone of Guinea-Bissau, where he followed the whole process of preparation for and carrying out of male circumcision and the leave-taking afterwards, and conducted individual interviews with key informants (male and female) from selected ethnic groups and focus group discussions with mixed ethnic groups.
In contrast, the Balante make a distinction between "small circumcision" (Foo ntiufa) and "large circumcision" (Foo or Fanadoo Garandi).
Although it is an important rite of passage among the Balante, it also has religious dimensions.
Thus, the Balante perform the ritual of male circumcision in their rice fields, where it symbolises their homage to their dead ancestors and to the resources of the Earth.
Una volta libero infatti, Orlando non esiterh un solo istante a porre fine alle speranze amorose di Chiariella ordinandole di sposare Balante
Y sin embargo, alli estaba la clara voz de la naturaleza que hablaba a traves de un rostro criomorfo, fiel al balante
The former philosophy professor has the backing of the biggest tribe, the Balante
Darryl also discovered that TALEBAN, an alternative spelling, can be transposed to BALANTE
, a Sudanese Negro people of French Senegal and Angola, found in Webster's Third.