Balearic Islands

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Balearic Islands

(bălēăr`ĭk), Span. Baleares (bälāä`rās), archipelago, off Spain, in the W Mediterranean, forming Baleares prov. (1990 pop. 767,918) of Spain; also an autonomous region since 1983. Palma is the capital. The chief islands are Majorca, Minorca, and Ibiza. Noted for their scenery and their mild climate, the Balearics are a major tourist destination. After tourism, agriculture and fishing are the chief economic activities; fruit, wine, olive oil, majolica ware, and silver filigree are exported. Both Catalan and Castilian Spanish are spoken. Inhabited since prehistoric times—there are numerous Cyclopean remains—the islands were occupied by Iberians, Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, and Byzantines. The Moors, who first came in the 8th cent., established (11th cent.) an independent kingdom, which became the seat of powerful pirates, harassing Mediterranean coastal cities and trade. James I of Aragón conquered (1229–35) the islands. They were included (1276–1343) in the independent kingdom of Majorca and reverted to the Aragonese crown under Peter IV. At the outbreak of the Spanish civil war (1936), Majorca and Ibiza were seized by Insurgent forces—Majorca becoming a base of the Italian fleet—while Minorca remained in the hands of the Loyalists until 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
One female whale stranded off Baleares Islands was 7 months pregnant.
It was the biggest naval battle of the Spanish Civil War, and Baleares was one of three Nationalist navy vessels which had been escorting two transporters packed with arms and military equipment destined for Franco, when they were intercepted by a Republican force of two light cruisers and five destroyers.
When they captured the base at El Ferrol, the Nationalists gained control of the old battlecruiser Espana, the two new heavy cruisers under construction Canarias and Baleares and the older cruiser Almirante Cervera which was in dry dock.
Las estudiantes de Asturias tienen menor ansiedad que las de la Rioja (p< 0,05; d= 0,34) y Navarra (p< 0,05; d= 0,55), mientras que las de Madrid tienen menor ansiedad que las de Castilla y Leon (p< 0,01; d= 0,20) y las de Baleares tienen menos ansiedad que las de Navarra (p< 0,05; d= 0,44).
Las espadas del Bronce Final en la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Prahistorische Bronzefunde, Abteilung IV, 16.
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA; ([dagger]) Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark; ([double dagger]) National Cheng Kung University Medical College, Tainan, Taiwan, Republic of China; ([section]) Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ([paragraph]) South African Institute of Medical Research, Johannesburg, South Africa; (#) University Hospital, Antwerp, Belgium; and **Universidad de las Islas Baleares, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Swiss team Phonak, led by American Tyler Hamilton, were second more than one minute behind in 1:13:10 while Spain's Illes Baleares were third, a further eight seconds adrift.
Also recognized for Microsoft Dynamics NAV excellence were Sistemas de Gestio de Baleares SGB (Palma de Mallorca, Spain) and Serenic Software (Lakewood, CO).
Implementing agency : Servicio de Salud de las Islas Baleares
Dans l'autre extreme, les Baleares enregistre un taux de croissance economique de 0,8 % et la Galice 0,9%, deux regions a vocation touristique et de peche.
Lopez, 24, who has made two appearances from the bench for Town since signing from Atletico Baleares, can play four more games for the Shrews under the initial loan deal.