ballistic-missile defenses has grown in importance in recent years, even as national-level BMDS has expanded to encompass other potential threats.
This pitted for the first time an in-service SM-3 Block IA missile against an intermediate-range (1,800-3,400 miles) modified Trident I/C-4 ballistic-missile target, an LV-2.
The primary goal was to track and engage a separating ballistic-missile target with the Aegis BMD 4.
interest in building ballistic-missile defenses, Japan decided in 2003 to upgrade its Kongo class with an Aegis BMD capability.
Moreover, in 2011 South Korea declared that it was establishing a defensive system to combat air-breathing (that is, generally, cruise missile, either ramjet or turbojet powered) and ballistic-missile threats from North Korea.
Eighteen months later, during the JMSDF's first flight-test mission, Kongo became the first ship of an allied navy to engage successfully a ballistic-missile target.
The Netherlands navy's Tromp, a frigate fitted with a modified SMART-L surveillance radar and the Advanced Phased Array Radar (APAR), demonstrated this potential when it tracked a ballistic-missile target during a December 2006 Aegis BMD flight test.
ballistic-missile defense policy in September 2009.
33) The issue of collective ballistic-missile defense was a major theme during the Lisbon summit, which approved a plan for Aegis-enabled European BMD as a core element in NATO's new strategic concept: "NATO will actively seek cooperation on missile defense with Russia and other Euro-Atlantic partners.
Even the current, somewhat circumscribed, distribution of Aegis assets constitutes a foundation for a potential "sensor/shooter" mix for a global ballistic-missile defense enterprise.
leadership, the same sort of leadership that is supporting sea-based Aegis BMD for territorial and fleet ballistic-missile defense today in the northeast Pacific as well as sea-based and land-based ballistic territorial missile defense in Europe.