Baltasar Brum


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Brum, Baltasar

 

Born June 18, 1883; died 1933. Uruguayan statesman. A lawyer by education.

Brum was a proponent of the bourgeois liberal reforms of J. Batlle y Ordóñez. From 1913 he occupied various ministerial posts and was president of Uruguay from 1919 to 1923. Brum proposed a plan for creating an American League of Nations (the Brum Doctrine, 1920), which would unite all Latin American countries and the USA in case of aggression by a non-American state. This plan was directed against the Monroe Doctrine, a weapon of the USA’s interventionist policy with regard to the countries of Latin America. Under pressure from the USA, the Fifth Inter-American Conference rejected Brum’s plan. He committed suicide as a sign of protest against the establishment of G. Terra’s dictatorship in March 1933.

References in periodicals archive ?
A veces pienso que en nuestra cultura hay, simultaneamente, tomando la expresion de Carlos Real de Azua, "un impulso y un freno"; algo asi como un tono social morigerado, conservador, de bajo perfil (como ahora se dice), que de subito es puesto en cuestion por el ejemplo permanente del oriental Jose Artigas (1764-1820), y luego por Jose Pedro Varela, Joaquin Torres-Garcia y su taller, Carlos Vaz Ferreira, Delmira Agustini, Julio Herrera y Reissig, Carlos Gardel, Zitarrosa, Liber Seregni, Jose Batlle y Ordonez, Baltasar Brum, Rodney Arismendi, Juan C.
Da Rosa, 36, news director and owner of radio station CV 149 Radio del Centro in the northern Uruguayan town of Baltasar Brum, was killed on Feb.
Jose Batlle y Ordonez, President of Uruguay from 1903-1907 and again in 1911-1915, was an early advocate of feminist causes, as was Baltasar Brum, President of Uruguay from 1919-1923, who placed special emphasis on the legal and political equality of women.