Balts

(redirected from Baltic people)

Balts

(bôlts), peoples of the east coast of the Baltic Sea. They include the Latvians, the Lithuanians, and the now extinct Old Prussians. Their original home was farther east, but from the 6th cent. they were pushed westward by the SlavsSlavs
, the largest ethnic and linguistic group of peoples in Europe belonging to the Indo-European linguistic family. It is estimated that the Slavs number over 300 million in the world. They are usually classified in three main divisions.
..... Click the link for more information.
. In the 13th cent. the Teutonic KnightsTeutonic Knights
or Teutonic Order
, German military religious order founded (1190–91) during the siege of Acre in the Third Crusade. It was originally known as the Order of the Knights of the Hospital of St. Mary of the Teutons in Jerusalem.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and the Livonian Brothers of the SwordLivonian Brothers of the Sword
or Livonian Knights
, German military and religious order, founded in 1202 by Bishop Albert of Livonia for the purpose of conquest and Christianization in the Baltic lands.
..... Click the link for more information.
 conquered the region later comprising Estonia and Latvia and forced Christianity on the inhabitants. Pressed by the Teutonic Order, the Lithuanians formed (13th cent.) a unified state of LithuaniaLithuania
, Lithuanian Lietuva, officially Republic of Lithuania, republic (2005 est. pop. 3,597,000), 25,174 sq mi (65,201 sq km), N central Europe. Lithuania borders on the Baltic Sea in the west, Latvia in the north, Belarus in the east and southeast, Poland in the
..... Click the link for more information.
, which successfully resisted annexation and became one of the largest states of medieval Europe. In 1387, under Grand Duke Jagiello (King Ladislaus II of Poland), Lithuania officially adopted Christianity. The Teutonic Order lost (15th cent.) all but East Prussia, but descendants of the German knights and settlers continued to control land and commerce in Latvia and Estonia until the 20th cent. After the union (1569) of Lithuania with Poland, the Lithuanian nobility became thoroughly Polish in language and politics. The Estonians, a Finnic rather than a Baltic people, came under Swedish rule in 1561 and in 1721 passed to Russia, which by 1795 acquired all the Baltic lands. The incorporation of the Baltic nations of Lithuania, LatviaLatvia
, Latvian Latvija, officially Republic of Latvia, republic (2011 provisional pop. 2,067,887), 24,590 sq mi (63,688 sq km), north central Europe. It borders on Estonia in the north, Lithuania in the south, the Baltic Sea with the Gulf of Riga in the west, Russia in
..... Click the link for more information.
, and EstoniaEstonia
, Estonian Eesti, officially Republic of Estonia, republic (2005 est. pop. 1,333,000), 17,505 sq mi (45,339 sq km). It borders on the Baltic Sea in the west; the gulfs of Riga and Finland (both arms of the Baltic) in the southwest and north, respectively; Latvia
..... Click the link for more information.
 into the Soviet Union (1940) became a source of political disputes. All three countries gained independence in 1991. For earliest history to the 13th cent. see Marija Gimbutas, The Balts (1963).
References in periodicals archive ?
The Lithuanians are a Baltic people, and the official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages (together with Latvian) in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family.
As someone who works between the UK and the Baltics, Ihave been embarrassed by the behavior of my countrymen, who are prepared to go on strike to avert a wage freeze, while the Baltic people understood the need to take the bitter medicine prescribed by their governments.
In the Baltic states, it is widely assumed, and not without reason, that the living chain of the joined hands of Baltic people in 1989, which was followed by the exceptional role of Lithuania as the first rebellious and breakaway republic, also played a role in the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the collapse of Communism in Europe, a role that was much too obvious to need emphasis.
It continued, advocating the right of the Baltic people to determine their own political futures; the message was drawn up jointly by representatives of popular political movements in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
But opinion polls show one consistent pattern across the region: most Baltic people don't want the single currency.
Furthermore, the absence of any visible and audible objections to the actions of the Soviet Union by the Baltic people and their governments in 1939, as well as in the summer of 1940, complicated the situation in view of the dictates laid down by international laws.
He said the Baltic people had turned down his request to be plastered with his girlfriend, holding hands, or to have his arms raised as if celebrating a goal.
To Estonians, Tall Herman is particularly special since it was from this tower, in 1989, that a human chain of two million Baltic people began, stretching in an unbroken line 430 miles to Vilnius in Lithuania, sending an unmistakeable message to their then Soviet rulers.
The author, a member of an ancient noble family that served Grand Dukes and Tsars, has made an impressive effort to re-introduce the Baltic people, their history and present problems.
A very strong characteristic of the Baltic people is how they are united about preserving their cultural heritage, language, and society resulting in a specific form of nationalism.
After all, you can't have a national history without a national sense of self-respect, and the Baltic people were awkwardly placed between the devil and the deep blue sea.
This sad scenario of security issues justifying any level of even gratuitous violence repeated itself during the Great Patriotic War, when hundreds of thousands of Baltic peoples, Poles again, Chechen, Ingush, and Crimean Tatars were forcibly uprooted and either executed or deported to Siberia, Central Asia, or the Far North.