Baluchi


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Baluchi

(bəlo͞o`chē), language belonging to the Iranian group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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 languages.

Baluchi

 

(self-designation, Baluch or Baloch), a people inhabiting part of Pakistan (Baluchistan, the west of Sind Province, and the southwest of Punjab Province); they also live in India, Iran, Afghanistan, and the USSR (Turkmen and Tadzhik SSR). Their combined population exceeds 2 million (1967 estimate), with 7,800 in the USSR (1959 census). Their language is Baluchi. Their religion is Sunnite Islam. Their chief occupations are nomadic herding and agriculture.

The Baluchi were first mentioned by Arabian geographers of the ninth and tenth centuries. At that time, the Baluchi lived in Kerman and east of that in Sistan. As a result of the invasions of Ephtalites (fifth century B.C.), Seljuks (early 11th century), Mongols (13th century), and the conquests of Tamerlane (14th century), the Baluchi gradually migrated south and then east and occupied a vast territory, which acquired the name Baluchistan. The Baluchi (migrants from Afghani and Iranian Sistan) appeared on the territory of Turkmen SSR in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

REFERENCES

Narody Srednei Azii i Kazakhstana, vol. 2. Moscow, 1963. (Bibliography.)
Narody luzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Dames, M. L. The Baloch Race. London, 1904.

E. G. GAFFERBERG


Baluchi

 

the language of the Baluchi who live in Pakistan (c. 1 million people), Afghanistan (c. 600,000), Iran (c. 600,000), India (c. 50,000), the countries of the Arabian Peninsula (10,000), and the USSR (7,800, 1959 census). Baluchi belongs to the northwestern group of Iranian languages. It is divided into two large groups of dialects, eastern and western. In the past, Baluchi had no written literature. The Baluchi people used Persian as their written language in Iran and Pakistan. In the 1950’s, Urdu began to replace Persian in Pakistan. In the early 1940’s the first examples of Baluchi writing based on the Arabic alphabet began to appear.

The phonetic system of Baluchi, compared to that of the other Iranian languages, is characterized by its archaism. The vowel system is based on the opposition of long and short vowels. The consonantal system is characterized by the presence of certain elements of fricative articulation for obstruent consonants, the doubling of consonants between short vowels, and the preservation of resonance of sonants and voiced consonants in all phonetic positions.

The morphology of Baluchi is characterized by clearly expressed features in its analytical system. The breakdown of inflection that occurred in the majority of modern Iranian languages also takes place in Baluchi; grammatical gender is absent, and the parts of speech fall into two groups—nouns and verbs. However, the verb in Baluchi, as in ancient Iranian, possesses synthetic features. The ergative construction of Baluchi, although generally retained, is absent in a few dialects.

The vocabulary of Baluchi is basically autochthonous, with borrowings primarily from Persian and the Indian languages. There is a rich folklore in Baluchi, including heroic epics and tales.

REFERENCES

Zarubin, I. I. “K izucheniiu beludzhskogo iazyka i fol’klora.” In Zapiski Kollegii vostokovedov pri Aziatskom muzee AN SSSR, vol. 5. Leningrad, 1930.
Frolova, V. A. Beludzhskii iazyk. Moscow, 1960.
Gilbertson, G. W. The Balochi Language: A Grammar and Manual. Hertford, 1923.
English-Balochi Colloquial Dictionary, vols. 1–2. Hertford, 1925.
References in periodicals archive ?
Militant Baluchi groups, mixing separatist rhetoric with Al-Qaeda practices including beheadings, have carried out a low-level insurgency for some time.
The 134 Baluchi ewes which had least one record for litter size were screened for GDF9, BMP15 and BMP15-1B mutations in the present study.
Baluchi also has two private enclosures with a seating capacity of 12.
I also suggested that if Pakistan were willing to cede the traditional Pashtun lands within their borders, perhaps they could, in exchange, annex the Baluchi areas of Afghanistan to the Baluchistan province of Pakistan.
The resolution claimed that thousands of Baluchi men, women and children had been murdered, while thousands of others were abducted and put in jails, where they disappeared without a trace.
Navid Raisi Mahrokh Jamileh Baluchi Madame Sakineh Sakineh Azadi With: Vahid Khadir, Yasin Khoshamad Zehi.
The principle paymaster for the hijackers was Ali Abdul Aziz Ali, also known as Ammar al Baluchi, supposedly Yousef's first cousin and another of Mohammed's "nephews.
A Baluchi saying goes, "For a man everything is all right, other than being a thief or gay," meaning he takes the passive role in anal sex.
Iranian mortar fire killed a Pakistani civilian Saturday, a few weeks after Baluchi rebels killed 10 Iranian border guards by firing from within Pakistan.
Majid bin Ali Al Nuaimi received student Zain Abdullah Slais and student Zaina Abdulqader Al Baluchi the winners of Prince Sultan bin Salman Contest for Holy Quran Memorisaton2016 , alongside with their parents and Private Education Directorate specialists, wishing them perpetual success.
TEHRAN -- Mohammad Saeed Torkman Zehi, the second in command of the rebel Baluchi group Jaish al-Adl was killed in Pakistan, according to the countrys Fars news agency.
I remember attending the opening of Baluchi at The Lalit in the days when the hotel used to be an InterContinental and was struck by the similarities in the look and menu between it and Bukhara.