The author's choice to examine El Greco's Italian activity leads to a discussion of the Cretan painter as if he were an Italian Renaissance artist ab initio or a painter associated with the Bamboccianti
, the Fiamminghi or other sort of emigres who trained at the high levels of Italian art instruction available to local Roman artists.
Plus precisement, les atouts de Tarot apparaissent comme des << bambochades civilisees >> en tant que peintures narratives de la vie quotidienne urbaine ou rurale auxquelles a ete enlevee toute dimension burlesque ou grotesque inherente aux Bamboccianti
du XVIIe siecle.
Notwithstanding, the bamboccianti
--artists such as Teniers, Peter Bout, Philips Wouvermans or Jan Fyt-- neither entailed a complete innovation with respect to the Hapsburg collections nor a "popularization" of the royal taste.
Here his work is linked to that of the Bamboccianti
, a group of Flemish painters working in the city who focussed on scenes of everyday life on the Roman streets.
i Bamboccianti (32) from the Czech Historical Monuments Office.
VAN LAER, Assalto ai viaggiatori (1630), reprinted in I BAMBOCCIANTI,
David A Levine, The Roman Limekilns of the Bamboccianti, 70
As his emerging style matured, and he became acquainted with the Parisian literary scene (and thus, more modern views of humor and art), Bertrand replaced the burlesque humor of the Bamboccianti with a more complex aesthetic of dualism, or the oxymoron.
In fact, Les Bambochades is a title that refers not to Peter van Laer, the reputed "Bamboccio" but to an entire group of seventeenth-century artists labeled "I Bamboccianti.
The designation bamboccianti, or scenes of often sordid low life (always acceptable to the broad humour of Dutch burghers) derives from the favoured subjects of Pieter Laer, a hunchback given the title of Bamboccio, or mannikin.
More attractive than the bamboccianti are the carefully observed but fancifully recomposed views of contemporaneous Rome by Jacob de Heusch and Gaspar van Wittel, such as their pictures of an island in the Tiber with its ancient bridges, classical ruins, time-weathered ramshackle houses and opportunistic bathers and boatmen (Braunschweig Museum and Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna).
The recognition of innate gentility is part and parcel of his acceptance in Rubens's studio and when he goes to Rome he cannot get on with the community of Flemish artists working there, latter-day Bamboccianti
and painters of small-scale and finely wrought pictures.