Bamburgh

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Bamburgh

(băm`bərə), village, Northumberland, NE England, on the North Sea. It was the capital of ancient BerniciaBernicia
, Old English kingdom. Established in 547, it later extended from the Tees River to the Forth. In the late 6th cent. it was united with Deira to form Northumbria.
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 and for a time of NorthumbriaNorthumbria, kingdom of
, one of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in England. It was originally composed of two independent kingdoms divided by the Tees River, Bernicia (including modern E Scotland, Berwick, Roxburgh, E Northumberland, and Durham) and Deira (including the North and East
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. In the 6th cent. a castle was erected above a tall cliff on the site of a Roman fort. Restored in the 18th cent., it is still used as a residence and contains the 14,000-volume Crewe Library. Bamburgh is the birthplace of Grace Darling.