Banat


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Banat

(bä`nät), region extending across W Romania, NE Serbia, and S Hungary. The term banat originally referred to any of several frontier provinces of Hungary and Croatia that were ruled by bans (governors). The Banat region is bordered on the E by Transylvania and Walachia, on the W by the Tisza River, on the N by the Mureşul River, and on the S by the Danube. Except for some eastern mountains, it is primarily an agricultural area of fertile, rolling plains. Inhabited since prehistoric times, the Banat was occupied successively by Romans, Goths, Gepidae, Huns, and Avars. Slavs began to settle there in the 5th cent. and Magyars in the 9th cent. In 1233, King Andrew II of Hungary established the Banat of Severin, a frontier province whose defense was entrusted to the Knights Hospitalers. In the aftermath of the Turkish victory over the Serbs at Kosovo Field (1389) and the Turkish occupation of Serbia (1459), many Serbs emigrated to the Banat, which itself became a Turkish sanjak (province) around 1552. By the Treaty of Passarowitz (1718), the Banat was made an Austrian military frontier zone known as the Banat of Temesvar. Empress Maria Theresa put the region under civilian government in 1751 and brought in thousands of German colonists. In 1779 the Banat passed to Hungary, to which it belonged until 1918, except for a brief period as an Austrian crownland. Although the Allies in World War I had promised through a secret agreement to give the Banat to Romania, it was divided by the Treaty of Trianon (1920) between Romania and newly independent Yugoslavia, with the Szeged district reserved for Hungary.

Banat

 

historical region in Southeastern Europe, located between the Transylvanian Alps on the east and the rivers Tisa in the west, Mureşul in the north, and Danube in the south. Banat arose at the turn of the 11th century as a feudal possession. It belonged to Hungary from the 12th century; from the mid-16th to the early 18th centuries, it was part of the Ottoman Empire. By the Treaty of Passarowitz (Pozarevac; 1718) it passed to the control of Austria (later Austria-Hungary). By the Treaty of Trianon of 1920 it was divided between Rumania and Yugoslavia: the western section of Banat became part of Yugoslavia (the autonomous region of Voivodina), the eastern section, of Rumania.


Banat

 

from 1960 to 1968, an administrative unit of Rumania. In 1968 the territory of Banat was reorganized and it became part of the provinces of Arad, Caraş-Severin, and Timiş.

Banat

a fertile plain extending through Hungary, Romania, and Serbia
References in periodicals archive ?
The situation from Banat on the entire Yugoslavian occupational period was under the supervision of the military and political Romanian authorities.
Oradea Maccabi team won national consecration and recognition after they managed to get the first place at the first edition of the Cup Stalter, a competition organized in Arad and reserved for Jewish teams competing in Transylvania and Banat.
The Banat Schwaben settled near the river Tisza in several waves of migration from the beginning of the 18th century when the Habsburg Emperor Charles VI asked peasants from the Rhine region in the north to come to the Banat, an area severely devastated from several wars with the Ottoman Empire.
The Dalaa Al Banat and the Attar Al Mohabba for women and the Faqat Lil Rijal for men embody the youthful enthusiasm and joyfulness, thus emanating charming poise befitting the occasion of Valentine's.
Purovic is a clinical goal scorer for Banat youth team.
A journey from Rotterdam across Europe to the delta of the Danube: The tanker ship moved lethargically down the Rhine, Main, and Danube, from the Dutch and German industrial regions to the picturesque vineyards of Wachau and through the Iron Gate, a spectacular narrowing of the Danube in the Banat region between Romania and Yugoslavia.
The Romanian Banat is situated in the west of the country, centered on Timisoara, and shares a common history with the border provinces of Yugoslavia and Hungary.
A, a listed company owned by the investment company SIF BANAT CRISANA, to open a Doubletree by Hilton hotel in Oradea, Romania.
25, 2014 -- Wikimedia/AhmedHerz Below the peak of Jebel Banat there are smooth granite rocks, with a series of natural water pools and seasonal waterfalls.
The petitioners earlier said the poll body should use a formula different from the one prescribed by the high court in the 2009 ruling on Banat v Comelec.
The women will receive further training under PDO's Banat Oman social enterprise which offers vocational training and business opportunities to local women with the aim of promoting self- employment and sustainable development.
The source noted that "the district is also exposed to suicide bomb attacks on the outskirts of the district and Dumez Sinjar and also Tal Banat village of and Tal Kasab village.