Bandar Abbas

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Bandar Abbas

(bändär` äb-bäs`), city (1991 pop. 249,504), S Iran, on the Strait of Hormuz at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. A port of strategic and commercial importance, it is the focal point of the trade routes of S Iran. It was long noted for its trade with India. The town has food processing, textile, and oil refining industries; cotton, rugs, nuts, and dates are exported. Early in the 16th cent. the Portuguese established themselves in the region, seizing the islands in the strait and using the town, which they fortified and called Gamru, as a mainland port. Shah Abbas I recaptured (c.1615) the town and later the islands. The Dutch (without the shah's consent) and the English (with the shah's approval) subsequently set up trading stations there; they called the town Gombroon. In 1622, Shah Abbas renamed the town Bandar Abbas (port of Abbas) and developed it into a major port. Bandar Abbas began to lose importance in the late 1800s, especially after the opening of the Trans-Iranian RR terminal at the head of the Persian Gulf.
References in periodicals archive ?
Member of cultural university, Bandar Abbass branch.
Corresponding Author: Zahra Salemi, Member of cultural university, Bandar abbass branch.
A main part of the produced sulphur in Iran has been exported to the above mentioned countries via Asaluyeh Port and Bandar Abbass (southern Iran), announced the managing director of NIGC.
In the Zagros Basin one of the area in which the Jahrum Formation is widely exposed is northwest and west of Bandar Abbass.
Review of the literature revealed that integrated studies (lithostratigraphy, biostratigraphy, depositional environment and sequence stratigraphy of the Jahrum Formation have not been carried out in the Bandar Abbass Area.
After the field study in the Bandar Abbass area, the Anguru Section has been selected.
Anguru section (27[degrees] 16' N and 55[degrees] 50' E) is located in west of Bandar Abbass City, south Iran, Eastern part of the Zagros area (Fig.
These studies revealed that the Jahrum Formation of the Bandar Abbass area has not been studied integrately.
This facies is an observant of deeper water in west-northwest of Bandar Abbass in the Eocene.