Bandura

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Bandura

 

a multistringed, plucked Ukrainian musical instrument. It has been known since the 16th century. The body is circular or oval and shallow; the strings are stretched over the neck (the bass strings, serving as accompaniment) and to the sides on the sounding board (the strings on which the melody is played). The strings are not shortened while playing. A special plectrum is often used to increase the volume. Bandura and kobza players used the bandura to accompany themselves while singing (the kobza is another Ukrainian stringed instrument).

The bandura has been perfected, orchestral versions of the instrument have been made, and bandura ensembles (the most famous of which is the State Honored Choir of Ban-durists of the Ukrainian SSR) have appeared.

REFERENCES

Khotkevych, H. Muzychni instrumenty ukrains’koho narodu. Kharkov, 1930.
Lysenko, M. V. Narodni muzychni instrumenty na Ukraini. Kiev, 1955.

K. A. VERTKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
It also permitted women access to the instrument; in fact, currently most conservatory bandurysts are women.
Two of his daughters were also central participants at the festival; both are professional bandurysts.
33) Kytasty is a diaspora musician, one of the foremost internationally respected bandurysts who hails from a prominent family of musicians.
He told us of the importance we had as bandurysts to remember and tell all that had happened to us as a nation -- the famine of 1933,(39) the massacre at Baturyn,(40) the Stalinist purges.
This exchange between homeland and diaspora communities was further facilitated at the Bandura Conference 2000, where several of the bandurysts who attended came from Ukraine.
Somewhat mythic, this assembly of bandurysts and subsequent mass murder is not recorded in Ukrainian history books.