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(băn`yən), species of fig (Ficus bengalensis) of the family Moraceae (mulberrymulberry,
common name for the Moraceae, a family of deciduous or evergreen trees and shrubs, often climbing, mostly of pantropical distribution, and characterized by milky sap. Several genera bear edible fruit, e.g.
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 family), native to India, where it is venerated. Its seeds usually germinate in the branches of some tree where they have been dropped by birds. The young plant puts forth aerial rootlets, which, on reaching the ground, take root to form secondary trunks to support the giant horizontal limbs. Branches from these trunks ultimately send down more such prop roots until the banyan crowds out the host tree and becomes grovelike in appearance, often covering large areas. This undergrowth is sometimes trimmed to form arbors. Alexander the Great is said to have camped under a banyan tree that was big enough to shelter his whole army of 7,000 men. The seeds frequently germinate on walls and buildings, causing considerable damage, as do the related strangling figs of tropical America. Banyan is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Urticales, family Moraceae.


, banian
1. a moraceous tree, Ficus benghalensis, of tropical India and the East Indies, having aerial roots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
2. a member of the Hindu merchant caste of N and W India


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References in periodicals archive ?
BRANCHING OUT: A Hawaii developer is planning to build as many as 40 treehouses in artificial banyan trees near the Big Island's Waipio Valley.
Banyan Tree hotels, the Thai luxury hotel chain, dumped the PR firm, R-JH, after Sophie's former business partner Murray Harkin claimed he could arrange gay sex parties.
R-JH was appointed as the UK PR agency for the Banyan Tree and began work on March 1 this year.
Mr Harkin, who has now resigned from R-JH, told a News of the World undercover reporter, who posed as a rich Arab sheikh, that he could call the Banyan Tree in Phuket to get a 'discreet villa' for gay sex with young boys.
2012), Mostafa Moazeni reminded: "The objective of launching this program is not only the revival and development of Banyan trees in Naiband, but it is aimed at the public participation in the operational -environmental plans, particularly by the owners of the industries based in Asalouyeh.
Revival and Development of banyan forests in Naiband has started in collaboration with the South Pars Gas Complex, supervised by the office of Naiband National Marine Park, by planting two thousand young Banyan trees in "Halleh" estuary.
Environmental conflicts together with known and unknown factors have caused the dying of some of the existing Banyan trees in the estuaries located in Naiband Bay.
Walking into RAINFOREST CAFE, one is enveloped by lush vegetation, simulated thunder and lightning, rain showers, majestic rock formations, Tracy the Talking Tree, whimsical butterflies, animatronic crocodiles, playful animated primates, and the sounds and smells of a tropical rain forest, all set amongst a backdrop of enormous salt water aquariums, cascading waterfalls and larger-than-life banyan trees.