Bao Dai

Bao Dai

(bou dī), 1913–97, emperor of Annam (1926–45) and chief of state of Vietnam (1949–55). Born Prince Nguyen Vinh Thuy, he was the son of Emperor Khai Din and succeeded to the throne in 1926, but did not occupy it until 1932. Bao Dai cooperated with both the Vichy French and Japanese during World War II, but in 1945 the Viet Minh nationalists under HoHo Chi Minh
, 1890–1969, Vietnamese nationalist leader, president of North Vietnam (1954–69), and one of the most influential political leaders of the 20th cent. His given name was Nguyen That Thanh. In 1911 he left Vietnam, working aboard a French liner.
..... Click the link for more information.
 Chi Minh forced his resignation. The emperor returned in 1949 as head of the new state of Vietnam, which included Annam plus Tonkin and Cochin China. After Vietnam's partition (1954) he accepted Ngo Dinh DiemDiem, Ngo Dinh
, 1901–63, president of South Vietnam (1955–63). A member of an influential Roman Catholic family, he was a civil servant before World War II and was connected with the nationalists during the war.
..... Click the link for more information.
 as prime minister. In 1955 Diem engineered a referendum that abolished the monarchy and assumed control. Bao Dai subsequently lived in exile, primarily in France.

Bao Dai

 

Born Oct. 22,1913. Emperor of Annam from 1926 to 1945.

Bao Dai abdicated during the August revolution of 1945 in Vietnam. For several months in 1945 and 1946 he was an adviser to the government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. In the spring of 1946 he fled to Hong Kong; in March 1949 he signed an agreement with France that resulted in the creation of a puppet state on the French-occupied territory of Vietnam, headed by Bao Dai. As a result of a “referendum” in South Vietnam on Oct. 23, 1955, Bao Dai was removed as head of the “state of Vietnam.” Since April 1954 he has lived in France.

References in periodicals archive ?
Together with the success of our five-star Emperor Cruises, we have created a brand new product, The Emperor Hideaway, a result of our passion to create experiences with genuine Vietnamese hospitality, royal glamour, history and heritage of our last emperor, King Bao Dai who chose Nha Trang as his favorite destination for his vacations.
It was here in 1945 that a delegation sent by the revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh informed the last Nguyen emperor, Bao Dai, that his time was up.
Militarily he was able to defeat the Binh Xuyen and Hoa Hao, and politically he was able to outflank Emperor Bao Dai and General Nguyen Van Hinh, the leader of the South Vietnamese military.
Emperor Cruises have been inspired by the lifestyle and recreational interests of Emperor Bao Dai when he used to stay in his villas in Nha Trang and sail in the bay to go fishing around the offshore islands.
In 1933, Vietnamese Emperor Bao Dai, with the approval of the French, appointed him minister of the interior, a position from which Diem later resigned, publicly denouncing the emperor as "nothing but an instrument in the hands of the French.
A reader that is only superficially aware of the French and American Indochina experiences during this period may be confused by the similarities with America's later experiences in Vietnam: weak Vietnamese leader, Emperor Bao Dai for the French, then later Ngo Dinh Diem (and his successors) for the Americans; the Central Intelligence Agency-owned Civil Air Transport Company during the French period, Air America during the American conflict; lack of a French timetable for Indochinese independence, similar lack of genuine reforms during the American intrusion; divisions at home regarding the wars (in February 1954, only eight percent of the French population supported the war); and torturous negotiations designed to end each of the conflicts "with honor.
Meanwhile, as a result of its effort to halt Communist advances in Southeast Asia, the US recognized the French puppet emperor of Vietnam, Bao Dai (February 1950), and thus became an adversary of the Viet Minh leader, Ho Chi Minh.
As Ho had his northern republic, the French installed Bao Dai in the South.
Emperor Bao Dai, who abdicated on 25 August 1945 in favor of the Vietminh movement, agreed to resume power under the auspices of the French Union.
The birth of Emperor Cruises was inspired by the recreational activities of Emperor Bao Dai, the last emperor of Vietnam, who took adventure trips exploring Nha Trang Bay, its surrounding islands, and its beaches during his reign.
The economic impact was much greater on the Associated States: arming anti-Viet Minh forces under Bao Dai moved Vietnam toward civil war, crippling economic development; the war prompted continuous capital flight from 1945 to 1954.
Years later Hilaire would similarly offer his services to the Buddhist king of Vietnam, Emperor Bao Dai, the "Son of Heaven," fighting an equally desperate war against the same forces of militant atheism.