Barère de Vieuzac, Bertrand


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Barère de Vieuzac, Bertrand

(bĕrträN` bärĕr` də vyözäk`), 1755–1841, French revolutionary. A member of the Revolutionary National Assembly and of the Convention, he moved from a moderate to a radical stand, voting for the execution of King Louis XVI. He was a member of and often the spokesman for the Committee of Public Safety, the body that ruled France for a time during the Revolutionary Wars. When the moderates in the Convention turned against Maximilien RobespierreRobespierre, Maximilien Marie Isidore
, 1758–94, one of the leading figures of the French Revolution. Early Life

A poor youth, he was enabled to study law in Paris through a scholarship.
..... Click the link for more information.
, one of the leaders of the committee and perpetrator of the Reign of TerrorReign of Terror,
1793–94, period of the French Revolution characterized by a wave of executions of presumed enemies of the state. Directed by the Committee of Public Safety, the Revolutionary government's Terror was essentially a war dictatorship, instituted to rule the
..... Click the link for more information.
 (June, 1794), Barère deserted his colleague. Nevertheless, Barère was imprisoned for his role in the Terror. Escaping from prison, he remained in hiding for several years but reappeared as a secret agent of Emperor Napoleon I. Banished (1815) after the Bourbon restoration, he returned in the reign of Louis Philippe. He left memoirs.

Bibliography

See biography by L. Gershoy (1962).

Barère de Vieuzac, Bertrand

 

Born Sept. 10, 1755, in Tarbes; died there on Jan. 13, 1841. A figure in the Great French Revolution; lawyer.

A deputy in the Constituent Assembly and the Convention, Barère de Vieuzac advanced as a clever orator. In the Convention he tried to reconcile the Girondins with the Jacobins, supporting first one side and then the other. From April 1793 he was a member of the Committee of Public Safety and its principal speaker; he was occupied with problems of foreign policy and public education. As a member of the committee he worked with G. J. Danton and later M. de Robespierre. During Thermidor (July 27–28, 1794) he opposed Robespierre. Under the Thermidorean reaction Barère de Vieuzac was persecuted. In 1799 he welcomed the coup d’etat of 18 Brumaire. During the Restoration he was exiled. At the beginning of the July Revolution of 1830, Barère de Vieuzac was permitted to return to France.

WORKS

Mémoires. . . , vols. 1–4. Paris, 1842–44.

A. V. GORDON